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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: Joe Haldeman

Jack Gaughan Award

In full, the Jack Gaughan Award for Best Emerging Artist. Named in honour of artist Jack Gaughan and often referred to simply as the Gaughan Award, this is presented annually by NESFA, the New England Science Fiction Association, to an artist who has achieved professional status within the past five years. The winner is selected by a panel of judges. In practice, the qualification "within the past five years" seems to be applied fairly elastically; Richard Hescox, for example, had been painting ...

Ad Astra

UK magazine, in A4 format, published by Rowlot Ltd, edited by James Manning, 16 issues, bimonthly, October/November 1978 to September/October 1981, only first two issues dated. Its subtitle, "Britain's First ScienceFact/ScienceFiction Magazine", contained the seeds of its eventual demise: Ad Astra attempted to cover too many fields, most in no real depth. The fiction, about two stories an issue – mainly from UK authors, including John Brunner, Garry Kilworth, David Langford and Ian Watson ...

Sambrot, William

(1920-2007) US author of more than 200 short stories, fifty of them sf, the latter beginning with "Report to the People" for The Blue Book Magazine in October 1953; his earliest publication was "The Saboteur" (Fall 1951 Suspense Magazine), a non-sf story about an encounter between a submarine and a mine. Most of his work appeared in the Saturday Evening Post and other Slicks and consequently received less attention from within the sf world than it might have done, considering its vigour and ...

Bonestell, Chesley

(1888-1986) US astronomical illustrator. Bonestell studied as an architect at Columbia University in New York, but never graduated, dropping out in his third year; nevertheless he was employed by many architectural firms and aided in the design of the Golden Gate Bridge and Chrysler Building. He then began working as a matte artist to produce special effects and matte paintings for over a dozen films, including Orson Welles's Citizen Kane (1941), The Horn Blows at Midnight (1945), Destination ...

Ronald, Bruce W

(1931-    ) US author, advertising man and actor. His Our Man in Space (1965 dos) is a Space Opera a little reminiscent of Robert A Heinlein's Double Star (February-April 1956 Astounding; 1956) in its story of an actor unhappily spying on behalf of Earth. With John Jakes and Claire Strauch he wrote the musical comedy Dracula, Baby (1970); Jakes played Van Helsing in the premiere in Ohio. [PN]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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