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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Carriger, Gail

Pseudonym of US archaeologist and author Tofa Borregaard (1976-    ), who published some early short fiction under her real name, beginning with "A Kind of Malice" in Space and Time for 1999. As Carriger, she has focused almost exclusively on the Parasol Protectorate sequence – the central volumes of which are Soulless (2009), Changeless (2010), Blameless (2010), Heartless (2011) and Timeless (2012) – set in a blamelessly Equipoisal Alternate World version of ...

Calder, Richard

(1956-    ) UK author – in Thailand 1990-1996 and later in the Philippines until returning to London in the first years of this century – who began publishing sf with "Toxine" in Interzone: The 4th Anthology (anth 1989) edited by John Clute, Simon Ounsley and David Pringle; his early short fiction, almost always densely post-Cyberpunk in idiom and setting, was assembled as "The Allure" and published, translated by Hisashi Asakura, in Japanese (coll 1991). His ...

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game

Term used to describe a form of Massively Multiplayer Online Game with gameplay resembling that of a Computer Role Playing Game. Players create characters with abilities distinct from those of their makers, and use them to explore a shared fictional world and cooperate or compete with each other to fight the enemies they find there. MMORPGs differ from Computer Role Playing Games both by allowing many players to enter the same Online World and in their general absence of narrative structure; ...

Desmond, Shaw

(1877-1960) Irish author, poet, founder of the International Institute for Psychical Research in 1934, and author of many works on the afterlife and several Scientific Romances. Democracy (1919) predicts a Near Future revolution in the UK. The Dystopian Ragnarok (1926) envisages the destruction of civilization through a worldwide Future War fought by armies equipped with radio-controlled planes and poisonous gases, the narrative concentrating on the derring-do of futuristic fighter pilots. ...

Irving, Theo

(?   -?   ) UK author of whom nothing is known; his sf novel, Half Way to Hades (1901), whose plot – as reported by George Locke in A Spectrum of Fantasy: Volume Two (1994) – involves x-ray vision and Telepathy. [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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