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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Proto SF

Meaningful use of the term "proto science fiction" obviously depends on one's Definition of the term "science fiction"; indeed, the quest for sf's literary ancestry and "origins" is as much a dimension of the problem of definition as a backward extrapolation of the History of SF. If by sf we mean labelled or Genre SF, everything published before 1926 would become proto sf; but Hugo Gernsback clearly believed that he was merely attaching a name to a genre which already existed – he ...

Dixon, John

(1969-    ) US author who began publishing work of genre interest with "Halves Interrupted" in Barbaric Yawp for December 1997; most of his work has been horror, including the Carl Freeman sequence beginning with Phoenix Island (2014). Of sf interest is The Point (2018), a Young Adult tale which unites tropes from the Space Cadet juveniles from the previous century and the Superhero origin story. The young protagonist, after joining a revamped West Point Academy, must learn ...

Fantomah, Mystery Woman of the Jungle

US Comic strip created by Fletcher Hanks under the pseudonym Barclay Flagg. First appeared in Jungle Comics #2 (February 1940); last appearance in issue #51 (March 1944). The stories can be divided into three styles: original (issues #2-#15); jungle girl (#16-#26) and Egyptian queen (#27-#51). The first period, by some considerable margin, is the most interesting. / The original Fantomah's plots usually involve men arriving to exploit or harm the jungle; many are evil Scientists, including ...

Armentrout, Jennifer L

(1980-    ) US author, often of paranormal romance tales for the Young Adult market, though much of her wide output is nonfantastic; she has also written as by J Lynn. She is of sf interest for the Lux Universe sequence beginning with Obsidian (2011), where the default immersion of her stories in teenage romance is heightened through the fact that some of those involved are Mutants with Superpowers, in an increasingly Dystopian world increasingly riven by factions. [JC]

Black Gate

US Small Press Fantasy magazine that began as a Semiprozine but now pays professional rates. It is published by New Epoch Press, St Charles, Illinois on a bi-annual basis and edited by John O'Neill. It was printed in standard size in emulation of the Pulp magazines, though is not pulp itself being printed on quality lightly coated stock, but each issue runs to over 200 pages giving it the thickness of the old pulps. The print editions, which proved prohibitively expensive, ceased with issue #15 ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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