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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Howitt, William

(1792-1879) UK author, married to Mary Howitt (1799-1888) who was the first translator of Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. He wrote several tales classifiable as fantasies; Pantika: Or, Traditions of the Most Ancient Times (coll 1835 2vols) assembles several of these, including "Nichar, the Exile of Heaven", which describes a Fantastic Voyage through the solar system, as recounted by a fallen angel. [JC]

Jackson, T Ernest

(?   -?   ) UK author of a Future War novel, The Voice in the Wilderness: A Romance (1914), in which something like World War One is stopped before it properly begins, and a Federation of World States ensures peace. [JC]

Howe, John

(1957-    ) Canadian artist, now a resident of Switzerland. After formal training in France, he moved to Switzerland to work on an animated film and decided to remain there. He took on a variety of projects, but an invitation to join other artists in contributing to the 1987 and 1988 J R R Tolkien calendars changed his life. Admiring his approach to Tolkien, publishers then assigned Howe to illustrate books by Tolkien, as well as four additional Tolkien calendars (in 1991, ...


UK tv serial (1977-1978). BBC TV. Produced by Prudence Fitzgerald. Regular cast included Edward Woodward, Barbara Kellerman, Robert Lang, Tony Doyle, Lisa Harrow. Most episodes written Wilfred Greatorex, who devised the series, or Edmund Ward. 16 55-minute episodes. Colour. / Reflecting the fears of the middle classes in the 1970s, this serial, set in a socialist UK of 1990, warns of what could happen if the welfare state continued in its present direction. The country is run by the PCD, an ...

Superman Returns

Film (2006). Warner Bros. Pictures. Directed by Bryan Singer. Written by Michael Dougherty, Dan Harris. Cast includes Kate Bosworth, James Marsden, Brandon Routh and Kevin Spacey. 154 minutes. Colour. / Superman's return to cinema largely ignores developments in the comics; instead Superman Returns reverently emulates the original Superman (1978). Set after Superman II (1980), Superman Returns begins with the return of the hero (Routh) to Earth after a five year absence, during which Lois ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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