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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Henderson, Zenna

(1917-1983) US author and schoolteacher who frequently used her teaching experience in Arizona and elsewhere as a base for her stories; perhaps significantly, given her treatment of Aliens as emblems of our better selves, during World War Two she taught interned Japanese-Americans in a relocation camp. Her first story was "Come on, Wagon!" for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction – the magazine with which she is mostly strongly associated – in December 1951; soon after, with ...

Swedenborg, Emanuel

(1688-1772) Swedish scientist, philosopher and theologian. The first half of his career was devoted to investigations into a number of scientific fields, from mathematics and physics to geology, during which period, in letters written in 1714-1715, and elsewhere, he suggested the possibility of winged flying machines. In 1743-1745 he underwent a visionary experience, after which most of his writings became mystical. These later writings, which influenced the British poet William Blake ...

Cunningham, Michael

(1952-    ) US author, most prominently of The Hours (1998), a novel about Virginia Woolf which won the Pulitzer Prize and other awards; of sf interest is Specimen Days (2005), which like its famous predecessor has a tripartite structure, in this case three thematically intertwined stories, each set in an almost animate New York, each featuring versions of the same three primal characters. The first, set in the mid-nineteenth century, is a Ghost Story [see The Encyclopedia ...

Celsius, Anders

(1701-1744) Swedish astronomer, professor of astronomy at the University of Uppsala 1730-1744, best known for his invention of the now universally employed Celsius (initially Centigrade) scale of temperature. Of Proto SF interest is his short speculation "Astronomia", written in a personal scientific diary or notebook circa 1735 and apparently first published in Gyllene Äpplen – Svensk idéhistorisk läsebok ["Golden Apples – Swedish History of Ideas Reader"] (anth ...

Jordan, Hillary

(1963-    ) US author whose second novel, When She Woke (2011), is set in a Near Future America where church and state are no longer separate, and a fundamentalist Dystopia has been established according to whose diktats women are scapegoated and treated as breeders. The homage to Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter (1850) – on being convicted of the crime of abortion the protagonist is Genetically Engineered so that she turns red, and is shamed through her ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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