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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Ōrai Noriyoshi

(1935-2015) Japanese artist who has occasionally worked in the Anime field on storyboards and image boards, although he is chiefly known for book covers and internal Illustration, particularly during the 1980s. His Seiun Award seems to have been conferred upon him largely for his striking work on the Japanese poster for Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back (1980), which coincided with the publication of the first of several retrospective art books. He subsequently produced the ...

Ralph, James

(1695-1762) American-born historian, controversialist and author, in UK from 1724; his Satirical play, The Astrologer (1744 chap) – remotely based on the mistaken-doubles comedy, Albumazar (1615), by Thomas Tomkis (circa 1580-1634) – targets the tropes and lunacies of what we now call Proto SF, as conveyed through its fatuous protagonists' attempts to make sense of the vision of Life on Other Worlds afforded by a new telescope. [JC]

Harben, Will N

(1858-1919) US author, most of whose work variously depicts life in the South, though at least three are detective novels featuring the sleuth Minard Hendricks. In the Year Ten Thousand (November 1892 Arena; 1917 chap) is a Utopian tale whose ancient narrator describes life in 2320, after vegetarianism fixes the Homo sapiens body, and 4051, after Telepathy fixes our souls; Immortality is eventually achieved. His sf novel, The Land of the Changing Sun (1894), is a Lost-World tale featuring an ...

Vukcevich, Ray

(1946-    ) US author who began publishing work of genre interest with "Rachel's Inheritance" in Pulphouse for Fall 1989, and who has remained prolific in short forms from that date, much of his work being darkly Equipoisal; his style has often been linked to that of Kelly Link (1969-    ), though unlike Link he uses sf topoi with some frequency in tales like "By the Time We Get to Uranus" (in Imagination Fully Dilated, anth 1998, edited by Alan M Clark ...

Schongut, Emanuel

(1936-    ) American artist, sometimes credited in error as Emmanuel Schongut. He was educated at New York's Pratt Institute, where he later worked as an instructor, and has applied his skills to diverse artistic endeavours including book covers, children's books, posters, and advertisements. His genre work began in the 1960s, when he painted a number of sf book covers for Doubleday, and later for other publishers. His distinctive style, usually featuring simply drawn human ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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