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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Medieval Futurism

Term coined by John Carnell in his introduction to New Writings in SF 12 (anth 1967) to describe a contemporary trend of sf containing "Future technologies, often on other planets, but with heavy overtones of the Middle Ages feudal systems as the governing bodies." (see History in SF) Examples cited by Carnell include L Sprague de Camp's Divide and Rule (April-May 1939 Unknown as "Divide and Rule!"; 1990 chap dos) and Jack Vance's The Dragon Masters (August 1962 Galaxy; 1963 dos) – also ...


US tv series (1972-1973). Warner Brothers Television for NBC-TV. Series created by Leslie Stevens. Produced by Robert H Justman, Anthony Spinner. Directors included Russ Mayberry, Allen Reisner, Philip Leacock. Writers included Robert C Dennis, Brad Radnitz, Michael R Stein. Cast includes Anthony Franciosa, Doug McClure, Burgess Meredith and Hugh O'Brian. One 100-minute pilot film entitled Probe, plus 23 50-minute episodes. Colour. / This sf detective series is an example of "spy-fi" ...

Byrne, Eugene

(1959-    ) Irish-born UK author whose first sf publication was "In the Air" for Interzone in January 1991 with Kim Newman, with whom he collaborated on other short fiction and on his first novel (see Kim Newman for discussion). He has also written under the name Myles Burnham (see Games Workshop). His first solo novel, ThiGMOO (June 1997 Interzone as "Thigmoo"; exp 1999), though not (unlike most of his collaborative work) technically an Alternate History tale, generates a ...

Armstrong, Peter

(?   -    ) Zimbabwean author, some of whose work is of sf interest. Hawks of Peace (1979) depicts an independent Near Future Zimbabwe from Armstrong's white settler perspective: devastation and violence accompany the installation of Black rule. In Cataclysm (1980), also set in the Near Future, the world after decades of Ecological degradation and Pollution suffers a catastrophic rise in ocean levels due to melting ice and other Disasters (see Climate Change); ...


Pseudonym of UK author William Garson (?   -?   ) whose Future War tale, England Crushed: The Secret of the Channel Tunnel Revealed (1882 chap), treats the Invasion of England in terms consistent with the Battle of Dorking model, with much emphasis on military manoeuvres, and upon English unpreparedness. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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