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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Rudaux, Lucien

(1874-1947) French astronomer and popular-science author and illustrator whose Sur les autres mondes ["On Other Worlds"] (1937) contains many examples of space art, imagining – in terms of current scientific knowledge – the landscapes of the Moon and other planets of our solar system. His depiction of the Moon's surface as consisting of rolling landscapes with rounded mountains and hills (Rudaux even explained his reasoning behind this) was criticized by Chesley Bonestell but proved ...

Osborn, E Margaret

(1902-2006) UK-born poet, playwright and author, in Canada from 1921; her sf novel, Short Visit to Ergon (1971), is a moderately conventional Utopia set on the planet Ergon, where life is good. [JC]

Oldrey, John

(?   -?   ) Pseudonym of an unidentified UK author based in the Pancras area of London, whose sf novel is The Devil's Henchmen (1926). Unusually for a Lost Race tale, this is set in the future; it locates the lost realm north of India, where advanced Technology allows its inhabitants to maintain a secret Utopia. [JC]

Koch, Howard

(1901-1995) US playwright and screenwriter, blacklisted by Hollywood studios in 1951 for his left-wing political views; he is best known in sf circles for scripting the famous Orson Welles Radio adaptation of War of the Worlds (1938), which caused at least some US listeners to panic – though not, it would seem, to the extent conveyed in The Night that Panicked America (1975). Koch also published one short sf story, "Invasion from Inner Space" (in Star Science Fiction #6, anth 1959, ed ...

Anvil, Christopher

Pseudonym of US author Harry C Crosby Jr (1925-2009), whose two earliest stories were published under his own name: "Cinderella, Inc." (December 1952 Imagination) and "Roll Out the Rolov!" (November 1953 Imagination). Anvil has been popularly identified with Astounding since his initial appearance in that magazine with "The Prisoner" in February 1956. He soon followed with the first of the stories making up the Pandora's Planet series: Pandora's Planet (September 1956 Astounding; exp 1972); and ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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