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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wolfe, Gene

(1931-2019) US author, born in New York, raised in Texas, long resident in Illinois. He served in the Korean War; his experiences there, which haunted his depictions of War over the decades of his active career, are recorded in the correspondence with his mother between 1952 and 1954 assembled as Letters Home (coll 1991). He graduated in mechanical engineering from the University of Houston and worked in engineering until becoming an editor of a trade periodical, Plant Engineering, in 1972. ...

Aldrich, Thomas Bailey

(1836-1907) US author best-known for Story of a Bad Boy (1879); he was also responsible for Pansy's Wish: A Christmas Fantasy, with a Moral (1869), which was fantasy. Out of His Head, a Romance (coll of linked stories 1862) and The Queen of Sheba (1877) are early examples of the marginal subgenre of sf in which contemporary explorations in Psychology suggest storylines ranging from Amnesia to metempsychosis (and ultimately, it might be added, channelling). [JC]

Foss, Chris

(1946-    ) Working name of British artist Christopher F Foss. Foss studied architecture at Cambridge University, and he has worked in sf Illustration since 1970, primarily as a cover artist; he uses brush and airbrush to excellent effect. Foss's smooth, representational style, demonstrated on hundreds of covers, spearheaded a revolution in British sf paperback design in the 1970s, and the artist's success inspired many imitators, creating for a while an almost tedious ...

Bertagna, Julie

(1962-    ) Scottish author who has concentrated until recently on books for younger children; her Young Adult sf Exodus sequence comprising Exodus (2002), Zenith (2007) and Aurora (2011), is a tale of global warming (see Climate Change) beginning in 2099, continuing into the early twenty-second century and skipping forward to 2116 in the third volume. The ocean rises sufficiently to force the evacuation of a small Scottish island; led by a young girl, the islanders examine ...

Palmer, J H

(?   -?   ) US author of The Invasion of New York; Or, How Hawaii Was Annexed (1897) a Near Future Yellow Peril novel in which Japan mounts a surprise attack against America, occupies Hawaii, and with its ally Spain threatens New York; but is defeated. The book ends with a paean to America's Manifest Destiny. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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