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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Yano Ryūkei

Pen-name of Fumio Yano (1851-1931), a Japanese journalist, author and publisher regarded as one of the fathers of the genre in his native country. An early adopter of Western learning in the swiftly modernizing Japan, Yano studied English and Western law at Keiō Gijuku (later Keiō University). Following his graduation in 1873, he remained there as a teacher. In 1876, he became a journalist for the daily newspaper Yūbin Hōchi Shinbun ["Postal Bulletin News"]. From 1878-1881, ...

Lester, Colin

(?   -    ) UK editor and critic who began to publish work of genre interest with a review in Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction #10 for June 1976; he coedited the Forum feature in the next issue, #11/#12 dated March 1977. He is of greatest sf interest for the ambitious but short-lived project The International Science Fiction Yearbook, intended as an annual summation of the sf genre and Fandom under 29 categories including APAs, Anthologies, Awards, ...

Grant, Donald M

(1927-2009) US Small-Press publisher whose imprints were the Grandon Company (formerly the Hadley Publishing Company, renamed after its buy-out by Grant) and, later, Donald M Grant Publisher. He published and co-compiled the early Bibliography "333": A Bibliography of the Science-Fantasy Novel (1953 chap) with Joseph H Crawford Jr (1932-    ) and James J Donahue, with assistance by Joseph W Bateman and J Lloyd Eaton (see J Lloyd Eaton Collection); "333" is a central document ...

Shatner, William

(1931-    ) Canadian actor from 1952, and author, long resident in the USA, where he gained fame as Captain Kirk in the Star Trek television series, going on to star in all the film sequels; he also directed the disappointing Star Trek V: The Final Frontier (1989), about which he wrote, with Lisbeth Shatner, The Captain's Log: William Shatner's Personal Account of the Making of Star Trek V, the Final Frontier (1989). Other books incorporating public memories include Star ...

Holford, Castello N

(1845-1905) US author of Aristopia: A Romance-History of the New World (1895), an Alternate History, a very early example of the form in English: the first white settlers in Virginia, having discovered an enormous deposit of gold, use their wealth to ensure the success of their colony, which they turn into a Utopia destined to take over America in the twentieth century. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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