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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Wonder Woman

Dark-haired US Comic-book Superhero – the first female example of major and lasting importance (but see Miss Fury for discussion of earlier candidates). Dressed in star-spangled blue shorts and a low-cut, strapless red top with a gold eagle motif, red high-heeled boots and a gold tiara, she also wears gold, bullet-deflecting bracelets which, if chained together by a man, become "bracelets of submission", placing her under his control. She was created by the early Feminist and psychologist ...

Reinganum, Victor

(1907-1995) UK artist associated with British Surrealism (see Illustration) before 1940, as demonstrated in his illustrations for Straw in the Hair: An Anthology of Nonsensical and Surrealist Verse (anth 1938) edited by Denys Kilham Roberts (1903-1976) (see Poetry). Much of his work was for fiction outside the sf field, including most of the early novels, some of fantasy interest, of Muriel Spark [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. Though under-utilized in sf proper, he ...

Futuristic Tales

Australian letter-size magazine published by Don Boyd (1945-1999) and Ray Maultsaid (who was also the editor-in-chief) from Sydney, New South Wales. It ran for five issues, the first undated (March 1980) to February 1982. It was a strange mixture of weird facts and immature sf. Boyd was a dedicatee of strange phenomena and the unexplained (the province of Charles Fort), and this flavoured the first issue; later issues saw some development of sf with a stronger scientific base. The magazine ...

Ralph, James

(1695-1762) American-born historian, controversialist and author, in UK from 1724; his Satirical play, The Astrologer (1744 chap) – remotely based on the mistaken-doubles comedy, Albumazar (1615), by Thomas Tomkis (circa 1580-1634) – targets the tropes and lunacies of what we now call Proto SF, as conveyed through its fatuous protagonists' attempts to make sense of the vision of Life on Other Worlds afforded by a new telescope. [JC]

Kaluta, Michael W

(1947-    ) American artist, born in Guatemala to American citizens. After a peripatetic childhood as the son of a soldier in the United States Air Force, Kaluta received his artistic training at the Richmond Professional Institute from 1966 to 1968 and then began his professional career. Some early covers for Fantastic magazine, interior illustrations for Fantastic and Amazing Stories, and a few book covers for Small Presses attracted little attention; however, Kaluta ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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