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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Craig, Alexander

(?   -?   ) Author of the Lost Race novel Ionia: Land of Wise Men and Fair Women (1898). Ionia is a singularly self-satisfied Greek civilization hidden in the Himalayas, boasting advanced aircraft, prohibition, mandatory Eugenics (sterilizations are frequent) and communism (and no Jews: as they were quarrelsome, they have all been exterminated). Craig is not to be confused with Alexander George Craig (1897-?   ), author of The Voice of Merlin (1946) ...

Allais, Alphonse

(1854-1905) French journalist and author, mostly of humorous pieces; his newspaper column, La Vie Drôle ["The Funny Life"] contained many skits and spoofs and other pieces, often fantastical. The various tales about Captain Cap appeared in this column and in other similar venues. Cap is based on a real person – Albert Caperon (1864-1898), a much-travelled adventurer and man about town – and Allais retired Captain Cap tales after Caperon's death, though he used old stories, and ...

Lee, Stan

(1922-2018) US Comic-book writer, editor and executive, born Stanley Martin Leiber; his name was legally changed to Lee. Before World War Two he began to establish himself in the New York comics publishing world, in 1939 joining Timely Comics, Inc, the firm for which Jack Kirby invented Captain America in 1941. Lee remained with Timely – which soon became Atlas Comics, then Marvel Comics in 1963, without changing its corporate identity – for the whole of his career, serving as its ...

Planet Magazine

The oldest surviving continuously published Online Magazine started by Andrew G McGann, New York, in January/March 1994 and running for 35 releases (42 numbered issues but #9/10, #11/12, #13/16 and #27/28 combined and there was no #25) until June 2004 when it switched to a cumulative webzine or blogzine. It began as an E-Zine in plain text, via AOL, and did not convert to a Webzine until Autumn 1996 with issue #11/12, making it the only digital magazine to have existed in all three forms of ...

Allan, Mea

(1909-1982) Scottish journalist – she was best-known as war correspondent and columnist for the Daily Herald – and author in whose Near Future novel, Change of Heart (1943), World War Two has been won by the Allies, but peace is threatened by a resurgence of Nazism. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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