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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wallace, Edgar

(1875-1932) UK playwright, editor and author, father of Bryan Edgar Wallace; he is best known for his many thrillers, though he was also variously active as an sf writer from the beginning of his active career: the Just Men thriller sequence features occasional sf or Technothriller elements, such as a vast revolutionary movement's use of an Airship to bomb London in The Council of Justice (1908) – foiled by a Just Man's trained hawks, which are equipped with spurs to puncture the gasbags ...

Sanders, Leonard

Working name of US author Leonard M Sanders Jr (1929-2005) US author who also published as by Dan Thomas, under which name he wrote The Seed (1968), an sf novel in which a Computer explains the meaning of life to one of its engineers. The later Hamlet Group sequence of very Near Future thrillers, comprising The Hamlet Warning (1976) and The Hamlet Ultimatum (1979), following America's attempts to prevent terrorists known as The Hamlet Group from detonating an atomic device in Santo Domingo ...


Term coined for that special sf brand of War which is fought across Time, usually with each side knowingly using Time Travel, tampering with causality and perhaps setting up destructive Time Paradoxes in an attempt to establish the ascendancy of one or another version of history. Although Fritz Leiber provided the name in his Change War series – notably The Big Time (March-April 1958 Galaxy; 1961 dos) and the stories assembled as The Change War (coll of linked stories 1978; cut vt ...

Lamartine, Alphonse De

(1790-1869) French poet and political thinker who probably did not write in 1843 (as claimed by its publisher) the Future History published in English as Time on My Hands (1848); it depicts a complex and somewhat pixilated pattern of confederacies in Europe, with various scientific achievements to boast of, though not clearly. [JC]


Lemuel Gulliver is the narrator of Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships (1726; rev 1735) by Jonathan Swift, better known as Gulliver's Travels, the short-form title by which it immediately became known by its commentators and critics. It is one of the most widely recognized literary texts of the eighteenth century and has been a considerable influence upon fiction as a whole and in the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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