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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Kaplan, Aline Boucher

(1947-    ) UK-born marketing executive and author, in the US from an early age, who began publishing sf with Khyren (1988), in which the protagonist finds herself transported from her conventional existence into a trading outpost on the backward planet Khyren (see Colonization of Other Worlds), where female worth is measured by fertility; the Feminist implications of the tale are not heavily underlined. Kaplan's second novel, World Spirits (1991) as Aline Boucher-Kaplan, is ...

Michener, James A

(1907-1997) US author of numerous bestsellers. His long novel Space (1982), televised 1985, is based on the history of the US space programme, becoming sf only in its later stages, when it describes invented missions and adventures roughly contemporaneous with the historical ones (e.g., a disaster owing to an outburst of solar radiation during an Apollo 18 lunar mission in 1973), and then peers optimistically into the Near Future. Among several errors of fact are consistent references to ...

Masson, Richard

(1943-2013) UK sailor and author whose work was restricted to the Young Adult market. Of sf interest is Boonie (2013), set in a Dystopian Near Future land whose rulers tyrannize those outside the privileged within the City. With its emphasis on the desperate hardscrabble existence of anyone deprived of water in a world where rain no longer falls, the tale enforces a rigorous focus on issues of Ecological devastation, some passages being suitably painful to read. The alliance between the young ...


Russian sf can trace its ancestry back to the eighteenth century, most of the earliest examples being Utopias. Prince Mikhail Shcherbatov's Puteshestvie v zemlyu Ofirskuyu ["Journey to the Land of Ophir"] (written circa 1785; 1896) embodies the political and social reforms espoused by the liberal and progressive elements of Catherine the Great's aristocracy. The technological prophecies of "4338 i-god" (1840; trans as "The Year 4338" in Pre-Revolutionary Russian Science Fiction, anth 1982, ed ...

Niffenegger, Audrey

(1963-    ) US artist and author whose first full-length prose fiction, The Time-Traveler's Wife (2003), which was filmed as The Time Traveler's Wife (2009) and later made into a Television series as The Time Traveler's Wife (2022 6 episodes) by showrunner Steven Moffat, carries its protagonist willy-nilly through a number of Timeslips caused by a genetic condition called Chrono-Displacement (see Imaginary Science); during the course of these sometimes dangerous ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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