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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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La Hire, Jean de

Pseudonym of French author Adolphe d'Espie (1878-1956) who began his prolific career before 1900, publishing mainly as by La Hire, though he also wrote as by Commandant Cazal, Edmond Cazal, André Laumière, Arsène Lefort, John Vinegrower and Alexandre Zorka; he published many works of sf interest over the next half century or so, including La Roue Fulgurante (1908; trans Brian Stableford as The Fiery Wheel 2013), which Stableford in his introduction claims is the first sf ...

Palmer, J H

(?   -?   ) US author of The Invasion of New York; Or, How Hawaii Was Annexed (1897) a Near Future Yellow Peril novel in which Japan mounts a surprise attack against America, occupies Hawaii, and with its ally Spain threatens New York; but is defeated. The book ends with a paean to America's Manifest Destiny. [JC]

New Wave

This term, as applied to sf, is borrowed from film criticism, where it was much used in the early 1960s as a translation of the French nouvelle vague to refer to the experimental cinema associated with Jean-Luc Godard (1930-    ), François Truffaut (1932-1984) and others. (It was also later applied to music around 1977 as a synonym for Punk.) The term was first used with reference to UK sf writers by P Schuyler Miller in his regular book-review column "The Reference ...

Huang Yi

Pen name of Huang Zuqiang (1952-2017), a Chinese author primarily of the historical swords-and-sorcery genre known as Wuxia. After training as a painter, he served as an assistant curator at the Hong Kong Museum of Art, before resigning in 1989 to dedicate himself to his writing. Huang's wuxia work, written in imitation of Ni Kuang and Jin Yong, might have remained firmly in the realm of Fantasy, were it not for his controversial Xun Qin Ji ["Searching for the Qin"] (1997), in which a Near ...

Gastine, Louis

(1858-1935) French author, often on subjects relating to airplane technology and air travel; a translated novel of sf interest is Les Torpilleurs de l'air: Prodigieux exploits d'un aviateur français (1912; trans G H Marchat as War in Space: Or, an Air-Craft War Between France and Germany 1913) with Louis Perrin (not acknowledged in the translation), a Future War tale set within Earth's atmosphere (not in space); a tale soon to be overtaken by events. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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