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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Trimble, Bjo

Esperanto-based "fan name" of Betty JoAnne Conway Trimble (1933-    ), used for all her written work. She was long active in Fandom since attending the 1952 Worldcon; she worked on various Los Angeles SF Society Fanzines including De Profundis and Shangri L'Affaires, organized Convention masquerades and in 1960 established the convention Art Show in its modern form. She was an occasional contributor to Locus. As an artist signing herself Bjo, she published black-and-white ...

Sternberg, Jacques

(1923-2006) Belgian author who published fiction until the end of the century, though sf made up a decreasingly portion of his work; he moved at the end of his life to the memoir form. A particularly idiosyncratic author with a keen sense of the absurd, he built from the early 1950s a unique body of work, often only tenuously linked to sf, often structured as Satires where everyday situations logically degenerate into darkly humorous nightmares, his first novel being Le délit ["The ...

Schaffer, Gene

(1941-    ) US author in whose sf novel, Countdown to Doomsday (1982), Aliens direct a remote-control satellite to Earth, where it emits a Ray that makes all women infertile; the purpose is eventually to clear the planet of humans. [JC]

Fantasy Review

1. UK Amateur Magazine, edited by Walter Gillings; 18 issues March 1947 to Spring 1950. Gillings, previously editor of several UK SF Magazines – Tales of Wonder (1937-1942), Strange Tales (1946) and Fantasy (1946-1947) – found himself needing an outlet for his energies after the demise of the latter title and began Fantasy Review, which was almost identical in format and content to his earlier fanzine Scientifiction (7 issues January 1937 to March 1938) and later fanzine Cosmos (3 ...

Invisible Ray, The

Film (1936). Universal Pictures. Directed by Lambert Hillyer. Written by John Colton from an original story by Howard Higgins, and Donald Hodge. Cast includes Frances Drake, Boris Karloff (credited as "Karloff"), Frank Lawton and Bela Lugosi. 80 minutes. Black and white. / Brilliant Dr Janos Rukh (Karloff) has invented a Time Viewer telescope which can literally record events which occurred thousands of years ago; with this instrument, a large meteor is observed impacting in Africa. Putting ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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