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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Well-known Term denoting the ambulant, Poison-stinging, vegetable Monsters which harass the mostly blinded remnants of humanity in John Wyndham's The Day of the Triffids (6 January-3 February 1951 Collier's Weekly; as "Revolt of the Triffids"; 1951; rev 1951; orig version vt Revolt of the Triffids 1952), filmed as The Day of the Triffids (1963) and adapted as the BBC TV serial The Day of the Triffids (1981). In the novel, triffids seem to possess some form of dim Hive-Mind intelligence, a point ...

Adolph, Mrs Anna

(?   -?   ) US author of an sf novel, Arqtiq: A Study of Marvels at the North Pole (1899 chap), whose female protagonist flies to the North Pole in an Airship of her Invention; there she and her husband find and describe a surface Utopia known as Arq, and subsequently descend into a Hollow Earth after the fashion of John Cleves Symmes, discovering there that this inner world (and presumably our own above it) is in fact a vast Machine. The tale far precedes – ...


US feminist sf Fanzine (1975-1990) edited from Madison, Wisconsin, by Jan Bogstad, Jeanne Gomoll and Diane Martin (#1-#3 by Bogstad, #4-#17 by Bogstad and Gomoll, #18-#26 by Martin). Janus (which became Aurora with #19) was born as Feminism began making itself felt in sf in the mid-1970s. It carried articles by Samuel R Delany, Suzette Haden Elgin, Joanna Russ and Jessica Amanda Salmonson (1950-    ), and interviews with Octavia Butler, Suzy McKee Charnas, Jo Clayton, ...

Porter, David Dixon

(1813-1891) US naval officer, the second to be appointed Admiral, a prominent figure in the American Civil War, later superintendent of the Naval Academy at Annapolis; of several novels published late in his life, The Adventures of Harry Marline; Or, Notes from an American Midshipman's Lucky Bag (1885) is a Lost Race tale for boys, involving Monsters of the deep and other strange encounters. [JC]

Kirk, Laurence

Pseudonym of Scottish naval officer and author Eric Andrew Simson (1895-1956), who was in active service during World War One and also published under his own name. His fiction as Kirk includes one sf novel, The Gale of the World (1948), set in a Near Future England where a scientific Discovery threatens the stability of the world. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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