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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Gardner, Thomas S

(1908-1963) US chemist and author. He began writing sf with "The Last Woman" for Wonder Stories in April 1932 (erroneously published as by Thomas D Gardner), which has been anthologized, and went on to write another five stories in the next decade. Active in sf Fandom, he wrote an annual review of the sf and fantasy magazine field for Science Fiction Times (see Fantasy Times) and published one of the earliest studies of the sf reader, "Psychology of the Science Fiction Fan" (1939 New Fandom). ...

Eliade, Mircea

(1907-1986) Romanian academic, in UK, Portugal and France from 1940, resident in the US from 1956, most famous as a philosopher of comparative religion [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below], though he was a prolific author of fiction, much of it fantastic, from the publication of his first, precocious tale, "Cum am găsit piatr filosofală" ["How I found the Philosopher's Stone"] (1921 Ziarul Stiintelor Populare si al Calatorilor), until the beginning of the 1980s; much ...

Williams, Raymond

(1921-1988) Welsh author, Professor of Drama at Cambridge University, literary and cultural critic, famous for incisive studies of the interconnections between literature and society. His 1956 essay "Science Fiction" (December 1956 The Highway), republished in Science Fiction Studies in November 1988, distinguishes three main kinds of contemporary sf: Utopia, doomsday (see Disaster; End of the World) and space Anthropology. It concludes with a very positive treatment of James Blish's A Case of ...

Playboy

US Slick men's magazine published by HMH Publications, Chicago, under Hugh M Hefner, monthly from December 1953 (first issue undated), until 2009, which saw only 11 issues; ten issues per year from 2012 to 2016 and bimonthly from January/February 2017. Letter size and saddle-stapled to allow opening flat for the centrefold. Despite the obvious fantasies that Playboy offered, Hefner also wanted the magazine to provide intellectual and commercial stimulation, aiming the magazine at the top ...

Crowcroft, Peter

(1925-1982) UK actor and author in the US from 1963 – reportedly very prolific under a number of unrevealed pseudonyms – whose The Fallen Sky (1954) describes a Post-Holocaust London in which a sociologist lives a Last Man existence under barbarous conditions, attempting to cure himself of violence and finding – through his discovery of a tribe of blind children, one of them a compassionate young woman named Eve (see Adam and Eve) – reason to begin to think about ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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