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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Raspe, Rudolf Erich

(1737-1794) German-born propagandist, amateur geologist, cataloguer, flim-flam artist, translator and author, in the UK from 1775. His career was harum-scarum; though he edited the posthumous papers of Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716) as Oeuvres philosophiques latines et francoises de feu Mr de Leibniz (1765), and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1769, he was more than once in deep financial trouble (the Royal Society ejected him in 1775) and narrowly escaped imprisonment. One of his ...

Bloomer, J M

(?1844-1923) US newspaper editor author of D'Mars' Affinity: Romance of Love's Final Test in Time and Tide (1903), a Lost Race tale involving Reincarnation. [JC]

MacCreagh, Gordon

(circa 1889-1953) Scottish traveller and author, in USA from 1911; he began publishing his tales of adventure in Pulp magazines from about 1913, some of these, like "The Hand of Saint Ury" (January 1951 Weird Tales), having supernatural content; his nonfiction, in particular The Last of Free Africa (1928) [for subtitle see Checklist], was widely read. Of sf interest are two Lost Race tales: The Inca's Ransom: An Adventure Story (10 July 1924 Adventure; exp 1926), set in the Andes, where a tribe ...

Halford, John

(?   -?   ) UK author whose Hidden Saria (1934) is a Lost Race tale featuring an advanced civilization, hidden in a valley in Asia and descended from ancient Greek wanderers. [JC]

King, Tappan

(1950-    ) US editor and author, grandson of Austin Tappan Wright, and married to editor Beth Meacham from 1978; he began publishing work of genre interest with "Fearn" in Galaxy for September 1978, and wrote several stories until 1995. With Meacham he wrote Nightshade Book One: Terror, Inc (1976), which is supernatural horror in the Weird Tales Shared World sequence. He is best known for a Young Adult tale, Down Town: A Fantasy (1985) with Viido Polikarpus, who was also ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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