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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Human League, The

UK pop band, formed in 1977 by Martyn Ware (1946-    ) and Philip Oakley (1955-    ). They took their name from one of the alliances listed in the sf boardgame Starforce: Alpha Centauri, and the early releases featured occasional genre realizations. Their second album Travelogue (1980) included, for instance, "The Black Hit of Space" and a song in praise of the then Doctor Who actor "Tom Baker"; both possess a certain attractive austerity. The group's ...

Once Upon a Time

Russian animated film (1990; original title Kogda-to davno ...; vt A Long Time Ago). Soyuzmultfilm. Directed by Galina Barinova. Written by Ante Zaninovic. Narration by Alina Pokrovskaya. 17 minutes. Colour. / In a time, we are told, so distant that it might be the deep past or Far Future, we see a City. Externally its outlines resemble a many-turreted castle; internally it is futuristic, inspired by M C Escher – the industrial area resembles his Cubic Space Division (1953) – ...

Conquest, Joan

(1883-1941) Pseudonym of UK author Mary Eliza Louise Cooke (Mrs Leonard Cooke), born Mary Eliza Gripper and also known as Sister Martin-Nicholson following her first, brief marriage in 1907 to Allen Martin Reuben Nicholson (1883-1915); she married Leonard Cooke in 1915. She is known for floridly euphemistic (though superficially daring) novels of high romance, typical of which are Leonie of the Jungle (1921), whose eponymous heroine escapes the Hypnotic thrall of the goddess Kali in the nick of ...

Ōtomo Katsuhiro

(1954-    ) Japanese Manga creator and film-maker, who became the most famous Anime director abroad in the early 1990s, largely on the basis of a single film. Like Hayao Miyazaki in the following decade, he occupied an iconic position as the face of the medium, despite conceiving much of his output in reaction to it. His comics debut, not sf, was with "Jūsei" ["Gun Report"] (August 1973 Manga Action), based on the novella "Mateo Falcone" (1833) by Prosper ...

Gautier, Théophile

(1811-1872) French author, a leading figure in the Romantic movement; father of Judith Gautier. Many of his works, including the lushly erotic Mademoiselle de Maupin (1835) – which is prefaced by his manifesto for "l'art pour l'art" – are so self-consciously exotic as to qualify as borderline fantasies even though without supernatural content [for fuller entry on Gautier see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. / Of Gautier's eight novels, two are of some sf ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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