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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Toxic Avenger, The

Film (1984). HCH/Troma/Palan. Directed by Michael Herz, Samuel Weil. Written by Joe Ritter, based on a story by Lloyd Kaufman. Cast includes Mitchell Cohen, Andree Maranda and Mark Torgl. 100 minutes, cut to 79 minutes. Colour. / After a cruel practical joke is played on him, a teenage nerd falls into a barrel of toxic waste in Tromaville, New Jersey, "Toxic Waste Capital of America". He mutates (see Mutants) into the low-budget Superhero the Toxic Avenger and is compelled to murder bad ...

Prucher, Jeff

(1971-    ) US freelance lexicographer best known for Brave New Words: The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction (2007), the first historical dictionary of words originating in sf, plus citations and bibliographic information. Coverage includes not only the many Genre SF neologisms but critical Terminology and Fan Language. This pioneering reference book won the 2008 Hugo for Best Related Work. Prior research was usefully made public as the Oxford English Dictionary Science ...


Item of sf Terminology denoting a Matter Transmission device (occasionally with the undesired side effect of Matter Duplication), which became generally known through Star Trek. [DRL]


Pseudonym of the unidentified UK author (?   -?   ) of Napoleon in the Other World: A Narrative Written by Himself: And Found near his Tomb in the Island of St Helena, by Xongo-Tee-Foh-Tchi, Mandarin of the Third Class (1827), in which, three years after his apparent death, the eminent Mandarin Xongo-Tee-Foh-Tchi discovers a manuscript written by Napoleon describing his posthumous spirit journey into space, where Hell, a planet located about eighteen million miles ...

Firestone, Shulamith

(1945-2012) Canadian-born painter, activist and author, resident in the United States from childhood, who was a founding figure in radical Feminism, and a key thinker in the movement in late-1960s New York. / Firestone outlined her ideas in The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution (1970), which argued, among other points, that women would not be truly liberated until they were freed from the shackles of Biology. Playfully melding Marx and Freud, she argued that Sex was also a ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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