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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Scanner Darkly, A

Film (2006). Warner Independent Pictures in association with Thousand Words presents a Section Eight/Detour Filmproduction/3 Arts Entertainment production. Written and directed by Richard Linklater; based on A Scanner Darkly (1977) by Philip K Dick. Cast includes Robert Downey Jr, Woody Harrelson, Keanu Reeves and Winona Ryder. 96 minutes. Colour. / Seven years in the future, undercover narcotics officers run scanner surveillance on suspects from a central hub, wearing identity-masking ...

Robot Carnival

Japanese animated film (1987). Original title Robotto Kānibaru. A.P.P.P. Directors and writers are named below. Voice cast includes James R Bowers, Junko Machida and Kohji Moritsugu. 90 minutes. Colour. / An anthology of sf shorts featuring Robots, eight in all (nine if the linked opening and closing segments are counted separately). Only two stories have dialogue. / Opening directed by Katsuhiro Ōtomo: a monolithic, decrepit structure on caterpillar tracks runs over a desert ...

Armstrong, Anthony

Working name of Canadian-born author and journalist George Anthony Armstrong Willis (1897-1976), in the UK from infancy, in active service during World War One; a regular contributor to the magazine Punch, usually signing himself A. A. Armstrong began writing as a novelist with two historical fantasies, The Lure of the Past (1920) and The Love of Prince Raameses (1921), which were linked by the common theme of Reincarnation. The historical framework was again used in his Lost World adventure, ...

Davidson, Michael

Pseudonym of Michael Zeik (?   -    ), US author of two sf novels: The Karma Machine (1975), a dystopian vision of a Computer-dominated world; and Daughter of Is: A Science Fiction Epic: An "Else-when" Parable (1978), an Alternate-History tale. Davidson should not be confused with the poet Michael Davidson (1944-    ). [JC]

Kneale, Nigel

(1922-2006) UK author and screenwriter, married to the well-known children's author Judith Kerr (1923-2019) from 1954 until his death; active from around 1944, very occasionally as by Nigel Neale. After attending the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and working as an actor, Kneale began writing short stories, twenty-six of which – some horror or fantasy – appear in Tomato Cain and Other Stories (coll 1949; rev 1950). Since then most of his writing work was for Television and film, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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