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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 4 July 2022
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Boys' Papers

Although boys' papers could easily be dismissed as being of negligible literary value, perhaps unjustly since Upton Sinclair and other eminent authors found their footing there, they played an important role in the History of SF in the last three decades of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth century, by creating a potential readership for the SF Magazines and by anticipating many Genre-SF themes. / The prevailing style of US boys' papers was largely set in the 1870s ...

Samachson, Joseph

(1906-1980) US research chemist who became a freelance author between 1938 and 1953 before returning to biochemistry, eventually retiring in 1973 after five years as Associate Clinical Professor of biochemistry at Loyola University, Chicago. His first story, "Bad Medicine" for Thrilling Wonder Stories in February 1941, was published as by William Morrison, under which name he wrote almost all his fiction of interest. Under the House Name Brett Sterling he wrote two Captain Future tales, "Worlds ...

Masaki Gorō

(1957-    ) Japanese author who won the 1987 Hayakawa SF Contest for new writers competition with his debut story collection Evil Eyes (coll 1988). This and his subsequent work largely reflect a Cyberpunk sensibility, particularly the Seiun Award-winning Venus City (1992), whose female office-worker protagonist habitually enters Virtual Reality as a male Avatar. Similar Gender issues confront the male protagonist of the sado-masochistic erotic novel Shadow Orchid (2002), a ...

Carey, Louise

(1992-    ) UK author, daughter of Mike Carey, with whom she has collaborated on some fantasy tales [for more details see his entry]. She is of sf interest for her first solo novel, the Young Adult Inscape (2021), set in a Near Future Dystopian world, where as an armed agent of the state of InTech, the protagonist must risk her life in the badlands beyond, there discovering much about her world. [JC]

Valley of the Dragons

Film (1961; vt Prehistoric Valley UK). Zimbalist-Roberts-Bernds Productions/Columbia Pictures. Produced by Byron Roberts. Directed by Edward Bernds. Written by Bernds and Donald Zimbalist, based very loosely on Hector Servadac: voyages et aventures à travers le monde solaire (1 January-15 December 1877 Magasin d'Éducation et de Récréation; 1877 2vols; trans as Hector Servadac 1877) by Jules Verne. Cast includes Cesare Danova, Danielle De Metz, Gregg Martell, Sean ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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