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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Empire I

Board and counter Wargame (1973). Third Millenia (TM). Designed by William Gemmill, Randall Thomas. / Between the release of Lensman in 1969 and the start of the science fiction Wargame boom in 1974 with the publication of Starforce: Alpha Centauri and Stellar Conquest, several other games were created which modelled future conflicts using physical maps and counters. In the UK the most prominent such work was 4000 AD (1972); in the US a number of Wargames of this kind were released by then ...

Matheson, Richard Christian

(1953-    ) US author and (primarily) writer for film and television, and television producer. Matheson's work has been at most only fringe sf; he is not to be confused with his father, Richard Matheson, nor with his younger brother Chris Matheson (1958-    ), cowriter of the witty screenplay for Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure (1989) and its sequel Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey (1991). Matheson's television work includes scripts for The Incredible ...


The term "pastoral" can be understood in various ways. It can refer to the Classical or Shakespearean tale of courtiers holidaying among nymphs and shepherds; it can refer, as Sir William Empson and other modern critics have argued, to the proletarian novel or to the story which contrasts childhood innocence with adult experience. Or, as in The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Idea (1964) by Leo Marx (1919-    ), the pastoral can now be best studied in its ...

Shea, Cornelius

(1863-1920) US author for the silent screen and author of dime novels (see Dime-Novel SF), prolific in many categories but best remembered for marvel stories using a fairly consistent "mythology" of dwarfs, subterranean eruptions, and stage illusion masquerading as supernatural magic. His first tale of sf interest seems to be The Air Voyagers; Or, a Trip to the Moon in a Balloon: A Tale of Wonderful Adventure (1880 chap), which may have been self-published. His other work of sf interest was ...

Winnacker, Susanne

(?   -    ) US author whose first novel, The Other Life (2012), which begins the Weepers sequence, is a Near Future Young Adult Dystopian novel whose young romantically-involved protagonists, initially confined in an Underground Keep because of a deadly virus outdoors, eventually reach the surface, where they experience a Conceptual Breakthrough; in its sequel, The Life Beyond (2014 ebook), the dad of one of the protagonists must be saved from disease. The ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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