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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Open Universe

In cosmology an open universe is a model of the Universe which implies that it will continue to expand forever; in this general sense, the term is found incidentally in many sf novels. However, sf readers also use it in a quite different meaning: to designate a work or series whose characters and venues may be made use of by fans and others in Fanzines without copyright restrictions (although the original authors do sometimes impose constraints). The best known open universes of science fiction ...

Sengoku Jieitai

Film (1981; vt Time Slip). Toho. Directed by Kosei Saito. Written by Toshio Kaneda, based on Sengoku Jieitai ["Civil War Self-Defence Force"] (1974) by Ryō Hanmura. Cast includes Sonny Chiba, Iasao Natsuki, Jana Okada and Miyuki Ono. 139 minutes, cut to 100 minutes. Colour. / Based on one of Ryō Hanmura's intelligent novels, which use sf reinterpretations to comment on Japanese history, this tells of a troop of modern Japanese soldiers caught in a Timeslip and transported back to ...

Darker Matter

UK Online Magazine which paid professional rates and burst onto the internet in 2007 but lasted for only five issues, March to August 2007, monthly except for the final issue. It was produced and edited by Ben Coppin, Cambridge, England. Coppin, who had little awareness of online magazines beforehand, felt there was a need for a magazine that paid top rates. His hope was that this would provide both credibility and status for the magazine and would encourage financial support from subscriptions ...

Michel, M Scott

(1916-1992) US author, mostly of thrillers; Journey into Limbo: A Novel of Intimate Adventure (1962) in which a call-girl and a psychiatrist, trapped on a mysterious tropical Island, have Sex together and discover a Lost World. [JC]

Kelly, James Paul

(?   -?   ) US author of Prince Izon: A Romance of the Grand Canyon (1910), a Lost Race tale in which conflicting groups of Aztecs interfere with contemporary archaeologists. [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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