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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Punishment Park

Film (1970). Chartwell/Françoise. Directed by Peter Watkins. Written by Watkins. Cast includes Carmen Argenziano, Stan Armsted, Jim Bohan, Frederick Franklin and Gladys Golden. 89 minutes. Colour. / Set in the Near Future, Punishment Park concerns a group of young political dissidents who are forced to endure a government-controlled "run of the gauntlet" before they can attain amnesty for their political crimes. They must travel many miles across a US desert to reach a flagpole ...

Gallico, Paul

(1897-1976) US journalist, screenwriter and author, sports editor for the New York Daily News for twelve years beginning in 1923, known mainly for such works outside the sf field as The Snow Goose (9 November 1940 Saturday Evening Post; exp 1941 chap; vt The Snow Goose: A Story of Dunkirk 1941 chap), a sentimental novella extremely popular in time of war. His first fiction, the short Hiram Holliday sequence comprising Adventures of Hiram Holliday (stories March-September 1939 Cosmopolitan as ...

Saulter, Stephanie

(?   -    ) Jamaican author, in the UK from 2003. She is of strong sf interest for her ®Evolution trilogy comprising Gemsigns (2013), Binary (2014) and Regeneration (2015), set in a complexly interactive Media-Landscape-driven Near Future Dystopian but not Young Adult UK, set mostly in London, where Genetic Engineering has reified contemporary problems with race and ethnicity through the fact that genetically altered human beings known as "gems" can ...

Rogers, Lebbeus Harding

(1847-1932) US businessman and author whose The Kite Trust (A Romance of Wealth) (1900), which may have been self-published, follows the juvenile kite-inventors and founders of the eponymous compact into adulthood, enormous wealth, the discovery of new Power Sources and the construction of transatlantic tunnels (see Under the Sea), while all the while an interplanetary spirit instructs the cast on the history of the solar system. [JC]

Anderson, Maxwell

(1888-1959) US journalist, teacher, screenwriter and playwright, active from around 1910, his first play "White Desert" being performed in 1923; he frequently espoused pacifist arguments in his work, and gained perhaps a reputation for steely intransigence that the plays themselves, which combine the homely and the sonorous (occasionally in blank verse), did not entirely warrant. He wrote the script for one fantasy film, Death Takes a Holiday (1934) directed by Mitchell Leisen, in which the ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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