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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Doppelgangers

Literally, "double-walkers". To meet one's own supernatural double (or Scots "fetch") was traditionally an unlucky or fatal portent; a well-known treatment of this theme is Edgar Allan Poe's short story, "William Wilson" (in The Gift: A Christmas and New Year's Present, anth 1839 dated 1840), a tale that manifests the recurrent, compulsive focus of the Gothic (see Gothic SF) on Doppelgangers. Even when rationalized through sf devices – typically Time Travel – such encounters can ...

Birdman and the Galaxy Trio

US animated tv series (1967-1969). Hanna-Barbera Productions for NBC-TV. Created by Alex Toth. Produced by Joseph Barbera and William Hanna with Lewis Marshall. Directed by Barbera and Hanna. Writers included Neal Barbera, Phil Hahn and Jack Hanrahan. Cast includes Keith Andes, Dick Beals, Ted Cassidy, Virginia Eiler, Don Messick and John Stephenson. Uncertain number (40?) of 30-minute episodes, each comprising two Birdman segments separated by a Galaxy Trio adventure. Colour. / Ray Randall ...

Sand, George

Pseudonym of French author Amantine Lucille Aurore Dupin (1804-1876), a figure of cultural importance in France from the 1830s until her death; she published widely, an oeuvre which included about forty novels alone. Of sf interest is Laura: Voyage dans le cristal (1864; trans Pauline Pearson-Stamps as Journey Within the Crystal 1992; new trans Sue Dyson as Laura: Journey into the Crystal 2004). This is both an anticipation of Virtual Reality, in which narrator Alexis finds his cousin Laura ...

Sanderson, Brandon

(1975-    ) US author, of considerable significance for his Heroic Fantasies [for this term and for Robert Jordan see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below], coming to wide notice with his continuations of Jordan's Wheel of Time sequence and his own Mistborn sequence [neither listed below]. Of sf interest is the Young Adult Reckoners series beginning with Steelheart (2013), which is set in a Ruined Earth world in which radioactive action has created Superheroes, but ...

Tom Swift

Hero of a Juvenile Series of scientific-invention novels produced by the Stratemeyer Syndicate, constituting a central example of the importance and persistence of the Edisonade in boys' fiction, and written under the House Name Victor Appleton, most being the work of Howard R Garis. Tom Swift was the most commercially successful and is still the best remembered of all the boys' sf Series of the period. During 1910-1938, beginning with Tom Swift and His Motor-Cycle (1910), 38 titles appeared, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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