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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 16 May 2022
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Toy Game

Term used by this encyclopedia to describe a form of Videogame in which, unlike most Games, the player is given no explicit goals to achieve. Such games are typically simulations of a complex technological or sociological system which can be experimented with in the manner of a Toy; the US designer Will Wright has described his own contributions to the form as "software toys". The earliest Toy Games modelled vehicles such as aircraft, as in Flight Simulator (1979 subLOGIC, AppleII; 1980 TRS80) ...

Orbital Children, The

Japanese Anime tv series (2022; original title Chikyūgai Shōnen Shōjo; vt Extraterrestrial Boys and Girls). Production +h. Directed and written by Mitsuo Iso. Voice cast includes Chinatsu Akasaki, Natsumi Fujiwara, Mariya Ise, Yumiko Kobayashi, Kensho Ono and Azumi Waki. Released as two films (Japan) or six episodes (internationally). Circa 180 minutes. Colour. / By 2034 (see Near Future), the Intelligence of the AI known as Seven had skyrocketed to a level it was incapable ...

Sinderby, Donald

Pseudonym of UK author Donald Ryder Stephens (1898-1983), in active service during World War One. The last of his five novels, Mother-in-Law India (1930), is a Near Future tale in which the British Empire threatens to crack apart due to Britain's socialist government's foolish promise to give India her freedom (see Imperialism; Politics), opening the road to miscegenation (see Race in SF), a fate worse than death that is averted in Sinderby's earlier nonfantastic The Jewel of Malaba: A Story of ...

Glukhovsky, Dmitry

(1979-    ) Russian journalist and author, best known for his Metro sequence beginning with Metro 2033 (2002 ebook; rev 2005; trans 2010), which was soon developed as a Videogame (for details see Metro 2033). The original tale begins in Near Future Russia, after the devastation caused by World War Three, and traces the evolution of an Underground network, each node being a station in the Moscow subway system, and of the savage intramural conflicts that ensue (see Keep; ...

Estrin, Marc

(1939-    ) US cellist and author, whose first novel, Insect Dreams: The Half Life of Gregor Samsa (2002), translates the story of Samsa, from Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis (1915 chap; trans 1937), into what might be called sf: after his transformation into a giant bug, Samsa is rescued by his family's maid and sold to a circus, from which vantage he observes and manifests through his inner life the turmoils of twentieth-century Europe. Estrin's later novels – The ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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