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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Wilson, Miles

(1706-1776) UK author, curate and schoolmaster in Halton Gill, Littondale, Yorkshire, who wrote and published the Proto SF narrative The History of Israel Jobson, the Wandering Jew [for subtitle see Checklist] (1757 chap) as by M W, as a device for teaching his young pupils about astronomy. This story takes the titular Wandering Jew character – a cobbler – on an angelically mediated Fantastic Voyage to the Moon and other worlds of our Solar System including Mars and Saturn (see ...

Lewis, De Witt

(1864-1932) US handyman, farmer, postmaster and author of one sf novel, A Trip to the North Pole and Beyond to Civilization (1912), in which Arctic explorers discover a Lost World containing survivors of Atlantis, who have established a socialist Utopia which benignly controls property in order to enhance production. [JC]

Heron-Maxwell, Beatrice

(1859-1927) UK author, an extremely prolific writer of stories, whose What May Happen: Stories Natural and Supernatural (coll 1901) contains some tales with speculative content, and whose The Queen Regent (1902) describes a Ruritania on an Island. [JC]

Yoshioka Hitoshi

(1960-    ) Japanese author closely associated with the visual media, whose vast output and populist panderings often occlude his deeper efforts at Satire and more mature experiments in Recursive SF. Dropping out of Waseda University partway through a literature degree, he worked part-time at the Anime company Studio Hard, and made his professional debut novelizing the non-sf film Kōtarō Makaritōru ["Kōtarō Breakthrough"] (1984), itself based on a ...

Shelton, William R

(1919-2001) US author who began to publish work of genre interest with "Moon Crazy" in The Saturday Evening Post for June 1949, and who wrote a number of nonfiction books about the American and Soviet space programmes, and related matters; Countdown (1960), grippingly told, is typical. Of specific sf interest is the Near Future Stowaway to the Moon: The Camelot Odyssey (1973), a Young Adult tale whose protagonist sneaks aboard a NASA flight. After much excitement, the Moon is reached. The book ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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