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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Poitier, Sidney

(1927-2022) US-born actor, director, statesman (Bahamian ambassador to Japan 1997-2007) and author, in the Bahamas from infancy; active mainly as an actor in films (where he became world-famous) for about sixty years, beginning with his first credited role in 1950. His movies were all nonfantastic – the nuclear Cold War calamity that climaxes The Bedford Incident (1965) directed by James B Harris was entirely possible in the year of its making. He is of sf interest for his only novel, ...

Richards, Justin

(1961-    ) UK author, almost exclusively of Ties for the Doctor Who universe, and of other fiction, some of sf interest, for the Young Adult market. The Doctor Who books begin with Doctor Who: The New Adventures: Theatre of War (1994). Richards is fast and competent. Of his independent work, the Invisible Detective sequence, beginning with The Paranormal Puppet Show (2003; vt Double Life 2004), consists in each case of two stories: one set in the 1930s, where the four young ...

Way, Peter

(1936-1991) UK author whose first novel, The Kretzmer Syndrome (1968), is a Near-Future tale set in a bleak conformist UK susceptible to the theories of the eponymous scientist, who articulates Psychohistory laws that risk translating the country into a rigid Dystopia enabled by the Kretzmer Syndrome, which saps free will. Sunrise (1979) is set in London where the Victoria Line of the London Underground has been built to facilitate emergency communications, useful when an Invasion takes place. ...

Clark, Gideon

(circa 1888-1955) UK author of a Scientific Romance, Substitute for Living (1937), a Satire in which unwholesome consequences are generated through the Invention of a Time Viewer which shows moments from the past. [JC]


Japanese term for comic strip or comic book. Its now common use in the English-speaking world dates back to the 1990s. In English it is used to denote Japanese Comics specifically. There tends to be a connotation of the fantastic when English-speaking readers use the term. Movies based on manga include Akira (1988) and Appleseed (2004); the influence of manga is also strongly visible in Tetsuo (1989). [PN/JN] see also: Osamu Tezuka. / further reading / Frederik L Schodt. Manga! ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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