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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Sommerfeld, Adolf

(1870-1943) German journalist and author of a Future War novel, Frankreichs Ende im Jahre 19?? (1912; rev 1914; trans Louis G Redmont as How Germany Crushed France: (The Story of the Greatest Conspiracy in History) 1915), in which Germany, trusting safely in the neutrality of Britain and Russia, utterly defeats France in a very Near Future 1915. / Sommerfeld should not be confused with Adolf Sommerfeld (1886-1964), the building contractor who commissioned Walter Gropius (1883-1969) to ...

Garn, Jake

Working name of US politician and author Edwin Jacob Garn (1932-    ), a Republican, US Senator for Utah 1974-1993. During his tenure, he flew on the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1985, the first sitting member of the US Congress to engage personally in Space Flight. His sf novel, Night Launch (1989) with Stephen Paul Cohen of the Brookings Institute, posits a Near Future neo-Nazi terrorist takeover of the Discovery, but justice triumphs. [JC]

Jupiter Ascending

Film (2015). Warner Bros/Village Roadshow Pictures/Dune Entertainment. Directed and written by Andy (now Lilly) Wachowski and Lana Wachowski. Cast includes Sean Bean, Douglas Booth, Mila Kunis, Tuppence Middleton, Eddie Redmayne, Channing Tatum. 127 minutes. Colour. / As well as an abundance of pleasurable visuals, and a sense that some of the shout-outs to both written and filmed sf are meant to draw a smile, there are moments in Jupiter Ascending when its makers seem to be aware of the ...

Terrill, Cristin

(?   -    ) US author whose first novel, the Young Adult All Our Yesterdays (2013), confronts Time Paradox issues with surprising and salutary harshness, as the Near Future versions of the two contemporary young protagonists struggle with themselves and each other. Em/Marina must attempt to prevent her/their disturbingly attractive friend from creating a terrible future through the Invention of a Time Machine, but each attempt ends in disaster. The climax, ...

Sherrell, Carl

(1929-1990) US commercial artist and, later, author whose novels are essentially fantasies, with the exception of the unremarkable The Space Prodigal (1981), a Space Opera with a haunted, roaming anti-hero (see Heroes). His fantasies are the Raum sequence – Raum (1977) and Skraelings (1987), Raum being a similar anti-hero – plus Arcane (1978) and The Curse (1989). [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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