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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Monkey Business

Film (1952). Twentieth Century Fox. Directed by Howard Hawks. Written by Ben Hecht, I A L Diamond, Charles Lederer. Cast includes Charles Coburn, Cary Grant, Hugh Marlowe, Marilyn Monroe and Ginger Rogers. 97 minutes. Black and white. / Made only a year after The Thing (though his direction of the latter was uncredited), Hawks's second sf film is one of the classic screwball comedies. Grant plays a staid Scientist working on slowing the ageing process. One of his laboratory apes ...

Isaacs, Leonard

(1939-1988) American teacher and author, in the 1970s an associate professor of biology at the Justin Morrill College of Michigan State University, where with R Glenn Wright he co-directed the Clarion Science Fiction Writers' Workshop (East). He contributed Poetry to Clarion III (anth 1973) edited by Robin Scott Wilson and to Foundation: The Review of Science Fiction (March 1975 #7/#8); his only known work of fiction is a story in Harlan Ellison's unpublished «The Last Dangerous ...

Phillips, Michael J

(1879-1926) US soldier and author, active contributor of fiction to magazines from 1903 to around 1926; in his Future War tale, In Our Country's Service (1909), the war of 1938 between an augmented America – Canada having been "annexed" in 1928 – and a powerful Japan (see Yellow Peril) ends in the latter's swift defeat, due to the protagonist's feats of espionage. In "The Unborn Element" (23 June 1926 Adventure), a death Ray helps turn the tables in another war. [JC]


Highly informal UK fan group of the 1970s, several of whose members later became sf professionals. Based in London, Ratfandom and its satellites produced some of the most literate, witty and scurrilous Fanzines in that fertile period for UK Fandom; these included Big Scab (1974, 3 issues) edited by John Brosnan, Macrocosm (1971-1972, 3 issues) edited by Robert P Holdstock, Magic Pudding (1973, 1 issue) edited by Malcolm Edwards, Seamonsters (1978-1979, 4 issues) edited by Simone Walsh, Stop ...

Ewok Adventure, The

Made-for-tv film (1984; vt Caravan of Courage). Lucasfilm/Korty Films for ABC TV. Executive producer George Lucas. Directed by John Korty. Written by Lucas. Cast includes Aubree Miller and Eric Walker. 120 minutes, cut to 97 minutes. Colour. / When the family spaceship crashes on an alien moon, the parents are captured by a monster and their two children cared for by Ewoks, the teddy-bear aliens first seen in Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi (1983). After a long trek, the ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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