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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Brazilian Proto SF is being slowly rediscovered in the last decades, revealing some works that shed light on the problematic relationship between scientific ideas and the literature of fiction in the country. An early important text is Páginas da história do Brasil, escritas no ano 2000 ["Pages of a History of Brazil, Written in the Year 2000"] (1868-1872 in the newspaper O Jequitinhonha) by Joaquim Felício dos Santos (1828-1895), a Satirical work set in the future. Also ...

Social Darwinism

Social Darwinism is the thesis that social evolution and social history are governed by the same principles that govern the Evolution of species in Nature, so that conflict between and within cultures constitutes a struggle for existence which is the motor of progress. Such ideas are inherent in the socio-economic theories of Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), who actually coined the phrase "the survival of the fittest", borrowed by Charles Darwin (1809-1882). Darwin himself was not a Social ...


There is no Definition of SF that excludes fantasy, other than prescriptive definitions so narrow that, were they applied, this encyclopedia would be reduced to ten per cent of its present length. We are talking about problems of definition raised by not a minority but a majority of all genre writings. Among the Genre-SF writers at least some of whose work would be excluded are Terry Bisson, Ray Bradbury, Orson Scott Card, John Crowley, Avram Davidson, Samuel R Delany, Thomas M Disch, Harlan ...

First Men in the Moon

Film (1964). Columbia. Produced by Charles H Schneer. Directed by Nathan Juran. Written by Nigel Kneale, Jan Read, from The First Men in the Moon (1901) by H G Wells. Cast includes Martha Hyer, Lionel Jeffries and Edward Judd. 107 minutes, cut to 103 minutes. Colour. / This watered-down version of Wells's classic novel is for the most part low farce, with too much random slaughtering of Selenite aliens, but still contrives to be entertaining. An eccentric Victorian inventor who has ...

Cape Canaveral Monsters, The

Film (1960). CCM Productions. Produced by Richard Greer. Directed by Phil Tucker. Written by Tucker from his original idea. Staring Jason Johnson, Katherine Victor, Scott Peters, Linda Connell, Billy Greene. Special effects by Phillip Scheer (credited as Phil Scheer). 69 minutes. Black and white. / A pair of hostile Aliens who in their natural form appear as glowing, circular lights arrive on Earth to sabotage the US space programme. Basing themselves near the Cape Canaveral rocket launch ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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