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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Flight to Mars

Film (1951). Monogram. Directed by Lesley Selander. Written by Arthur Strawn. Cast includes Morris Ankrum, Robert Barrat, Marguerite Chapman and Cameron Mitchell. 72 minutes. Colour. / A team of astronauts, including journalist Steve Abbott (Mitchell), embarks upon the first flight to Mars. After an encounter with meteors, they land on Mars and discover a race of humanoid Martians who live underground because the surface of Mars has become uninhabitable to them. However, while the Martians ...

Manchurian Candidate, The

1. Film (1962). MC/Essex/United Artists. Directed by John Frankenheimer. Written by George Axelrod, based on The Manchurian Candidate (1959) by Richard Condon. Cast includes James Gregory, Laurence Harvey, Angela Lansbury, Janet Leigh, John McGiver, Henry Silva and Frank Sinatra. 126 minutes. Black and white. / A group of US soldiers captured in Korea are subjected to elaborate brainwashing by the Chinese as part of a plot to subvert and eventually to rule America. As part of the elaborate ...


Pseudonym of Angolan author Ndalu de Almeida (1977-    ), variously from the age of sixteen in Portugal and Brazil; active from around 2000. He is of sf interest (see Afrofuturism) for Os transparentes (2012; trans Stephen Henigah as Transparent City 2018), transfiguringly set in Near Future Luanda, which through governmental obliviousness and private-enterprise greed for oil has been set on fire. Ondjaki's rendering of the multifarious lives of his various protagonists ...

Theodore Sturgeon Memorial Award

Award given in memory of Theodore Sturgeon, who died in 1985, to the previous year's best sf/fantasy story in English under 17,500 words. It was founded in 1987 by James Gunn and Sturgeon's heirs, and since then has been announced annually during a July ceremony at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, at which the John W Campbell Memorial Award is also announced. The winner and place-getters are chosen by a committee, largely of sf writers, which was chaired until 1994 by Orson Scott Card, ...

MacDonald, Ronald

(1860-1933) UK actor, playwright and author, son of George MacDonald and father of Philip MacDonald, whose Near Future novel, The Election of Isabel (1907), features (as stated) the election of a woman to Parliament. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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