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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
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de Camp, L Sprague

(1907-2000) US author, married from 1939 until her death early in 2000 to Catherine Adelaide Crook (see Catherine Crook de Camp), who collaborated on a number of his books, sometimes without printed credit, though always freely acknowledged by de Camp; though she was always actively involved in his career, the two were increasingly seen after about 1960 to be genuine collaborators. De Camp was educated at the California Institute of Technology, where he studied aeronautical engineering, and at ...

Morehouse, Lyda

(1967-    ) US author whose sf appears mainly under her own name; she writes horror and paranormal romances as by Tate Hallaway; her first work of genre interest, "Irish Blood" in Dreams of Decadence for July 1997, though under her own name, is a tale along the lines of her Callaway work. She is of sf interest for the Archangel Protocol sequence – comprising Archangel Protocol (2001), Fallen Host (2002), Messiah Node (2003), Apocalypse Array (2004), given a Philip K ...

McLaughlin, Iain

(1967-    ) UK Comics writer, author of several Radio plays including some for the Doctor Who universe, some with Claire Bartlett; he began to publish work of genre interest with "The Time Lord's Story" (with Bartlett) in Doctor Who: Short Trips: Repercussions (anth 2004) edited by Gary Russell. He is the co-author of a contribution to the Time Hunter Shared-World series, Time Hunter: Echoes (2005), again with Claire Bartlett. A character in his Doctor Who Novellas Doctor ...


US Semiprozine, seven issues, irregular, November 1977-1985, small-Bedsheet slick format, published by Flight Unlimited, Kansas City; edited by Pat Cadigan. This was brought out by a partnership of Arnold Fenner (publisher) and Cadigan, now better known as a writer, whose first story, "Death from Exposure", was published in #2 (February 1978) and went on to win a Balrog Award. Shayol, in which Tom Reamy was also involved, was a development from Fenner's previous publication, Chacal, which had ...


If the Colonization of Other Worlds is not to be restricted to those that prove almost-exact duplicates of the Earth, some form of adaptation will be necessary; the colonists might adapt themselves by Genetic Engineering, as in James Blish's Pantropy series, or cyborgization (see Cyborgs), as in Frederik Pohl's Man Plus (1976), but if they are bolder they might instead adapt the worlds, by terraforming them. The verb "terraform" was coined by Jack Williamson in "Collision Orbit" (July 1942 ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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