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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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General Semantics

A quasi-philosophical movement founded in Chicago in 1938 by Count Alfred Korzybski, whose Science and Sanity (1933) was the basic handbook of the movement. General Semantics had a surprising success, peaking in the 1940s and 1950s. It teaches that first unsanity and later insanity are caused by adherence to an Aristotelian worldview, by which is meant the use of the two-valued either-or logic which Korzybski saw as being built into Indo-European language structures. From this simple beginning ...

Bowkett, Stephen

(1953-    ) UK author, primarily of Young Adult novels, mostly sf, though his first, Spellbinder (1985) in which a young player of magic tricks learns that his Magic is real, is Fantasy; as is Gameplayers (1986). Dualists (1987), whose young protagonists discover a substance able to copy anything (see Doppelgangers; Transmutation), is sf; as is the Wintering sequence comprising Ice (2001), Storm (2002) and Thaw (2002), set in what seems to be a Pocket Universe but is in fact ...

Burkholz, Herbert

(1929-2006) US author who lived mostly abroad until the last decade of his life; most of his ten novels were detective thrillers like the first, Sister Bear (1969), some in collaboration with Clifford Irving. He is of sf interest for the Sensitives sequence – comprising The Sensitives (1987), Strange Bedfellows (1988) and Brain Damage (1992) – featuring the exploits of a team of Telepathic agents. [JC]

Shea, Michael [2]

(1946-2014) US author, mostly of Fantasy; most of his few sf stories focus on Horror in SF motifs extracted directly from the work of H P Lovecraft, as in The Color Out of Time (1984), a sequel to Lovecraft's The Colour Out of Space (September 1927 Amazing; 1982 chap) (see Sequels by Other Hands), Fat Face (1987 chap), a Cthulhu Mythos narrative, and other stories included with it in Copping Squid and Other Mythos Tales (coll 2009). Much of his witty and disquietingly sophisticated work in fact ...

Wiggins, Bethany

(1976-    ) US author whose first novel, the Young Adult Shifting (2011), submits its young Shapeshifter protagonist to life in a New Mexico foster home where Navajo Skinwalkers sense her gift. The young protagonist of her first series, the Stung sequence comprising Stung (2013) and Cured (2014), awakens from something like Suspended Animation into a shattered Dystopian Colorado. An attempted cure for a viral Pandemic carried by and perhaps created by Genetically Engineered ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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