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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Catch-all term that began as a descriptor of anonymous Urban Legends copied and reposted on the Internet and has grown to encompass a online folk Horror tradition with millions of adherents. Creepypastas are the campfire stories of the digital realm, reflecting the fears and anxieties of the first generation to have grown up as natives of that world. / Although creepypasta is a flexible term, traditionally they are short, first-person accounts of supposedly true-life encounters with the ...

Granville, Austyn

(1854-1922) UK-born author, ultimately in US, centred in Chicago from the 1880s or earlier; he wrote some boys' stories as by Jack Talbot, none apparently of genre interest. He was apparently resident for some years in Australia. His racy, bigoted Lost-Race novel The Fallen Race (1892), one of the earliest sf books set in Australia, shares the belief in a great inland sea which in real life led to the disappointment or death of many explorers. Stranded in the desert, a doctor finds a lost race ...

Wang Jinkang

(1948-    ) Chinese author, engineer and multiple Yinhe Award winner, arguably the most overlooked figure in the genre in China, inexplicably overshadowed in translation by both his seniors and juniors, despite massive appeal among his home readership. Graduating from high school at the time of the commencement of the Cultural Revolution (1966), he spent several years in a countryside commune, before being sent to work in an iron foundry and a diesel engine plant. This ...

Jarrett, David

(1943-2010) Welsh author, mostly on the history and theory of gardening, though The Gothic Form in Fiction and Its Relation to History (1980) includes sharp studies of various authors, among them Franz Kafka (see Gothic SF). He is of sf interest for Withering (1979), which begins as a Twice-Told rendering of the legend of the Seventh Swan [for Twice-Told see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below], but segues into a Godgame tale played by off-planet magisters, with the protagonist's ...

Dix, Shane

(1960-    ) Welsh-born author in Australia who began to publish work of genre interest with "The Moment" in Thyme Fiction 4 (anth 1990) edited by Peter McNamara, but who has been in Australia for most of his life, where he has written novels exclusively to date in collaboration with Sean Williams, beginning with the first volume of the apparently aborted Cogal sequence, The Unknown Soldier (1995) with Sean Williams, and then concentrating on four further series: the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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