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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Shipway, George

(1908-1982) Indian-born soldier, teacher and author, in the UK from childhood, most of whose works were historical novels. Of sf interest is The Chilian Club: A Diversion (1971; vt The Yellow Room 1971), set in a Near Future Britain threatened by trade unions (see Politics), which are (it is here presumed) run by Communists. A cadre of retired soldiers takes things in hand by eliminating the union leaders; a duplicitous left-wing bishop is roundly drowned at the climax. [JC]

Science Fiction Poetry Association

The Science Fiction Poetry Association was founded in 1978 by Suzette Haden Elgin to promote a wide range of Poetry (from sf to horror) through the publication of a bimonthly journal, Star*Line, edited by Robert Frazier, and the annual presentation of the Rhysling Award; Rhysling was the blind poet in "The Green Hills of Earth" (8 February 1947 Saturday Evening Post) by Robert A Heinlein. [JC] links / The Science Fiction Poetry Association


The term "cyborg" is a contraction of "cybernetic organism" and refers to the product of human/machine hybridization. David Rorvik popularized the idea in his nonfiction As Man Becomes Machine (1971), writing of the "melding" of human and machine and of a "new era of participant evolution". Elementary medical cyborgs – people with prosthetic limbs or pacemakers – are already familiar, early works ringing the changes on this theme include Edgar Allan Poe's Satire "The Man that was ...

Curtis, Monica Mary

(1892-1956) UK author of Landslide (1934), an Alternate History tale set in a Europe subtly transformed by a second Great War in the twentieth century. [JC]

Gansovsky, Sever

(1918-1990) Russian author, a dominant figure of the 1960s and 1970s; he was well known for his Radio plays, some of them sf, and also well regarded for his Hard-SF short stories and novellas, which were assembled in Shagi V Neizvestnoie ["Steps into the Unknown"] (coll 1963), Shest' Geniev ["Six Geniuses"] (coll 1965), Tri Shaga K Opasnosti ["Three Steps Towards Danger"] (coll 1969), Idyot Tchelovek ["Man Is Coming"] (coll 1971) and Tchelovek, Kotoryi Sdelal Baltiiskoie More ["The Man Who Made ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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