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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Martinière, Stephan

(1962-    ) French artist, later a resident of America. After some brief training in animation, he went to work for DIC Entertainment in the mid-1980s, temporarily requiring him to move to Japan, and he was soon contributing to a number of animated series, including Inspector Gadget (1983-1986), Jayce and the Wheeled Warriors (1985), MASK (1985), The Real Ghost Busters (1986-1991), and Madeline (1993-1995), primarily as an artist but also as a writer and director. He has ...


Videogame (1993; vt Arctic Baron in the US). Silmarils. Designed by André Rocques. Platforms: Amiga, AtariST, DOS (1993); Mac (1994). / Transarctica is set in the world of La Compagnie des Glaces ["The Ice Company"], a sequence of novels by G-J Arnaud (see France). In Arnaud's fiction, a twenty-first century attempt to mitigate global warming caused by the greenhouse effect (see Climate Change) goes badly wrong, surrounding the Earth with eternal dust clouds and blotting out the sky ...

Holst, Gustav

(1874-1934) British composer, of Latvian and Swedish extraction. Holst trained at the Royal College of Music and, partly on account of his socialist and vegetarian beliefs, met many important figures of the turn of the twentieth century, amongst them H G Wells and William Morris. Much of his music reflected his Indian-influenced spirituality: for instance his choral fantasia The Cloud Messenger (1912), based on Khalidasa's sixth-century Sanskrit poem Meghaduta concerning a sentient cloud that ...


The official SI unit of astronomical distance; the name is a contraction of "parallax-second". The measure was introduced by UK astronomer Herbert Hall Towner (1861-1930). As the Earth travels from one side of the Sun to the other in half a year, parallax makes the position of any comparatively nearby star apparently shift. Using simple trigonometry, from the observed angular displacement of the star's measured position and knowledge of the distance between Earth and Sun the distance of the ...

Bingham, Frederick

(?   -?   ) UK dramatist and author, whose The Cap Becomes a Coronet: A Downstairs Romance. A.D. 19— (1894 chap) lightly spoofs social customs of the Near Future. [JC]

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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