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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Fan Service

Narrowly defined, Fan Service refers to creators of a Manga or Anime fulfilling the anticipated desire of (usually male) fans to see sexually arousing portrayals of a popular (usually female) character; this is invariably broadened to include any passing woman. Delivery tends to be unsubtle, from the creepiness of the panty shot to the plot-stalling insertion of a beach or swimming-pool episode; similarly, in action stories, women are liable to find themselves attacked at their most ...

Goldsmith, Martin M

(1913-1994) US screenwriter and author in whose Shadows at Noon (1943), a Near Future sf novel set in World War Two, Manhattan (see New York) is bombed by Nazi bombers. Goldsmith wrote two episodes of The Twilight Zone in 1964. [JC]

Somewhere in Time

Film (1980). Universal Pictures. Directed by Jeannot Swzarc. Screenplay by Richard Matheson based on his novel Bid Time Return (1975). Produced by Stephen Deutsch and Ray Stark (uncredited). Cast includes Susan French, Christopher Reeve, Christopher Plummer, Jane Seymour, George Voskovec, Teresa Wright. 103 minutes. Colour. / 1972: as young Richard Collier (Reeve) celebrates the debut of his play, an aged woman (French) approaches, places a pocket watch in his hand and says "Come back to ...

Cullum, Ridgwell

Pseudonym of UK traveller, rancher and author Sidney Groves Burkhard (1867-1943), mostly of Westerns from 1903. Of some sf interest are two novels: The Heart of Unaga (1920), which features a tribe of Native Americans who hibernate through the winter (see Suspended Animation); and The Vampire of N'Gobi (1936), a Lost Race tale set in central Asia featuring a She figure who literally sucks the blood of her victims (see Vampires). [JC]

Kabakov, Alexander

(1943-2020) Russian author in whose sf novella, No Return (1990 Iskusstvo Kino as "Nevozvrashchenets"; trans Thomas Whitney 1990 chap), an observer capable of Time Travel up the line reports back to his very Near Future audience that a failure to continue with perestroika will result in a savage Dystopia. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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