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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The term "pastoral" can be understood in various ways. It can refer to the Classical or Shakespearean tale of courtiers holidaying among nymphs and shepherds; it can refer, as William Empson and other modern critics have argued, to the proletarian novel or to the story which contrasts childhood innocence with adult experience. Or, as in The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Idea (1964) by Leo Marx (1919-2022), the pastoral can now be best studied in its dynamic relationship ...

Dorea, Gumercindo Rocha

(1924-2021) Brazilian publisher regarded as the most important in the history of Brazilian sf, Gumercindo Rocha Dorea was born in Ilhéus, the town in the State of Bahia made famous by Jorge Amado's novels. Dorea was mainly responsible for the First Wave of Brazilian Science Fiction (1958-1972). / Dorea founded Edições GRD (today, GRD Edições) in 1956, and launched his coleção (a numbered book line) Ficção Científica GRD ...

Hall, Rodney

(1935-    ) UK-born poet, musician, editor and author, in Australia from 1949, active as a poet from around 1962; Chairperson 1991-1994 of the Australia Council, a body responsible for government arts policy and funding. Several of his novels contain fantasy elements. In Just Relations (1982), for instance, the metaphorical Suspended Animation of the cast approaches the literal. The Yandilli Trilogy, comprising Captivity Captive (1988), The Second Bridegroom (1991) and The ...

Jensen, Liz

(1959-    ) UK journalist, sculptor and author whose first novel, Egg Dancing (1995), is a Satire set in a Near Future Britain agitated by the destabilizing threat that Genetic Engineering can lead to the "Perfect Baby"; Ark Baby (1997), its thematic sibling, is also set in the Near Future and also deals with procreation, this time out of desperation, as fertility has plummeted. The Paper Eater (2000), set on an imaginary Island, is constructed so as to construe an ...

Kostić, Zvonimir

(1950-    ) Serbian playwright and author whose sf novel, Donji Svetovi (1986; trans Ivan Novaković as The Underworlds 2008), fits an Underground totalitarian Dystopia into a frame that evokes Urban Fantasy [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below], as this isolated world is located directly underneath Belgrade; a romance begins, metaphysically, to melt the ice. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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