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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Stong, Phil

(1899-1957) US author and editor, author of the thrice-filmed State Fair (1932). His The Other Worlds (anth 1941; vt The Other Worlds: Twenty-five Modern Stories of Mystery and Imagination 1942) was the first important sf Anthology. Its twenty-five stories, about half sf and half horror, were mostly from the Pulp magazines, not previously regarded as a proper source of material (of sf at least) for respectable hardcover books. [PN]

Halsbury, Earl of

Working name and title of UK barrister and author Hardinge Goulburn Giffard (1880-1943), Second Earl of Halsbury; his father, Hardinge Stanley Giffard (1823-1921), the first earl, was British Lord Chancellor for seventeen years at the end of the nineteenth century; Giffard was in active service during World War One. His Future War novel, 1944 (1926), depicts a cataclysmic conflict in which the USSR attacks London from the air, leaving only a few survivors. The war becomes worldwide; America, ...

Gaughan, Jack

Working name of US illustrator John Brian Francis Gaughan (1930-1985). Gaughan made his first professional sale while still in school at the Dayton Art Institute; he went full-time in the mid-1950s. Prolific in both covers and interior art, he was most closely associated with Galaxy Science Fiction, for which he was Art Editor 1969-1972 and painted 38 covers over the years; he also did 29 covers for If, 11 covers for The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, seven for Asimov's and others for ...

Ogilvy, Arthur James

(1834-1914) Indian-born civil servant and author, educated in the UK, in Australia from 1851, most of whose work is nonfiction, some of it studies of Evolution. Of sf interest is The Ape Man (1913 chap) as by A J O, in which a prospector discovers the last survivors of a tribe of quasi-human apes (see Apes as Human) in the Amazon, and lives with them. [JC]

This Island Earth

Film (1955). Universal. Directed by Joseph Newman. Written by Franklin Coen, Edward G O'Callaghan, based on This Island Earth (stories June 1949-February 1950 Thrilling Wonder; fixup 1952) by Raymond F Jones. Cast includes Faith Domergue, Jeff Morrow and Rex Reason. 86 minutes. Colour. / This Island Earth came closer than any film of its period to capturing the flamboyant essence of Pulp-magazine sf stories. Unlike most other early-1950s sf films, which were Monster Movies, This Island ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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