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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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Phillips, Peter

(1920-2012) UK author and journalist, whose first published story was "No Silence for Maloeween" (May 1948 Weird Tales), and who was noted for a number of stories published during the decade 1948-1957 – especially "Dreams are Sacred" (September 1948 Astounding), regarded as one of the primary texts about dream worlds and psychic Virtual Reality. A man links minds with a writer in a coma and enters into his imaginary world in order to combat his mental demons. The tale prefigures later, ...

Longevity in Writers

Though it did not yet seem remarkable in 1979, when the first edition of this encyclopedia was released at a time many founding authors of Genre SF were still in mid career, a few decades later, when the second edition appeared in 1993, it seemed appropriate to include an entry on the extreme longevity of some sf and fantasy writers and publications (for magazines and their editors see Longevity in Publications). Three decades later, the phenomenon of longevity has become all the more ...


US Digest-size magazine. 175 issues March 1952 to November/December 1974. It was founded by James L Quinn's Quinn Publishing Co. with Paul W Fairman as editor, but Fairman, who had been writing profusely for the Ziff-Davis Amazing Stories and Fantastic Adventures developed If as a copy of those magazines. Sales were poor and Quinn sacked Fairman and took over the editorial chair himself, in November 1952. Apart from the period May 1953 to March 1954 when Larry Shaw served as editor, Quinn ...

Xenoblade Chronicles

Videogame (2011; vt Xenoblade in Japan). Monolith Soft. Designed by Tetsuya Takahashi, Koh Kojima. Platforms: Wii. / Xenoblade Chronicles is a Console Role Playing Game (see Computer Role Playing Games), much influenced by the Final Fantasy series and (especially) by one of its designer's previous works, Xenogears (1998). The game begins with a depiction of a battle between two gods at the dawn of time, before allowing the player to participate in a much later war between the intelligent ...

Brinig, Myron

(1896-1991) US author in various genres – his linked tales, Singermann (1929) and This Man Is My Brother (1932; vt Sons of Singermann 1932), present perhaps the first non-stigmatizing portrayal of a gay protagonist in American literature. In his early Los Angeles (see California) sf novel, The Flutter of an Eyelid (1933), an opportunistic revivalist, seemingly based on Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944), promises to put on show an exclusive Second Coming of Christ at her Ten Million ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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