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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Film (2006). Sony Pictures Entertainment presents a Madhouse Production. Directed by Satoshi Kon. Written by Satoshi Kon and Seishi Minakami, based on the novel Paprika (1993) by Yasutaka Tsutsui. Cast (voice only) includes Tōru Emori, Tōru Furuya, Megumi Hayashibara, Katsunosuke Hori, Akio Ōtsuka, Daisuke Sakaguchi and Kōichi Yamadera. Music by Susumu Hirasawa. 90 minutes. Colour. / Influential Anime director Kon's final feature film concerns the attempts of research ...

Fowler, Karen Joy

(1950-    ) US author with degrees in political science and north Asian studies, now best known for The Jane Austen Book Club (2004), a non-fantastic comedy of manners; two other late novels – The Sweetheart Season (1996) and Sister Noon (2001) – are also associational. She began publishing sf with "Recalling Cinderella" in L Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Vol I (anth 1985) edited by Algis Budrys, and caused considerable stir in the sf field with the ...

Sanders, George A

(1836-1909) US author whose riposte to Edward Bellamy, Reality: Or, Law and Order vs Anarchy and Socialism: A Reply to Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward and Equality (1898), argues that the labouring poor are not in truth all that poor, and in any case are motivated to work primarily by noble ideals. [JC]

Demon Seed

Film (1977). MGM. Directed by Donald Cammell. Written by Robert Jaffe, Roger O Hirson, based on Demon Seed (1973) by Dean R Koontz. Cast includes Julie Christie, Gerrit Graham, Berry Kroeger and Fritz Weaver. 95 minutes. Colour. / When the supercomputer Proteus IV is switched on it refuses to obey instructions, in the time-honoured tradition (for examples of which, see Colossus, the Forbin Project; 2001: A Space Odyssey). All its terminals are shut down with the inadvertent exception of ...

Attack on Titan

Japanese animated tv series (2013-current). Original title Shingeki no Kyojin. Based on the Manga by Hajime Isayama. Wit Studio, MAPPA. Directed by Tetsurō Araki, Yūichirō Hayashi, Masashi Koizuka and Jun Shishido. Written by Yasuko Kobayashi and Hiroshi Seko. Voice cast includes Marina Inoue, Yui Ishikawa, Yuuki Kaji and Romi Park. 75 24-minute episodes (and 8 OVAs). Colour. / Within three concentric walls – each 50 metres high, the outermost with a radius of 480km ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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