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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 29 November 2021
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Kirby, Josh

(1928-2001) Nickname and working name of UK illustrator Ronald William Kirby, trained at Liverpool School of Art. He was occasionally though rarely credited as Ron Kirby. Kirby's work in sf began in the mid-1950s with covers for Dan Morgan's Cee-Tee Man (1955), the 1956 Pan paperback of Ian Fleming's Moonraker (1955) and for Authentic Science Fiction (6 covers 1956-1957, plus interior art; some of this was signed "Adash" or "A-" in allusion to A E van Vogt's Null-A books). Most of his published ...

Trinity

Videogame (1986). Infocom. Designed by Brian Moriarty. Platforms: Amiga, AppleII, AtariST, C128, DOS, Mac. / Trinity is a text Adventure that combines elements of magic realism, children's fantasy and science fiction, notably Time Travel with an overriding concern with nuclear weapons. The player begins the game as an American tourist in London, where reality seems subtly out of joint. A further breakdown in normality is announced by the appearance of an incoming Soviet nuclear missile, at ...

Survival Horror

Term used to describe a form of Videogame which, unusually amongst game forms, is defined by its tone and ambience rather than by its gameplay. As the name suggests, Survival Horror games are characterized by vulnerable protagonists attempting to escape from menacing and disturbing situations, almost always of a fantastic nature. The gameplay most often resembles that of an action Adventure, though in a Survival Horror game the player characters will be at much more frequent risk of death, ...

Young, Janine Ellen

(?   -    ) US teacher and author whose first sf novel, Cinderblock (1997) is set in a Near Future America crosshatched by Cyberspace turfs under criminal control, generating an insecurity about what is Virtual Reality and what remains "real". In her second novel, The Bridge (2000), an attempt at First Contact at viral level fails catastrophically, due to the Aliens' ignorance of human Biology, which causes the inadvertent unleashing of a deadly Pandemic. ...

Suttner, Baroness Bertha von

(1843-1914) Austrian journalist, editor and author, famed for her pacifism, for which she became famous after the publication of her novel, Die Waffen Nieder! ["Lay Down Your Arms"] (1889). She is of sf interest for Der Menschheit Hochgedanken: Roman aus der nächsten Zukunft (1911; trans Nathan Haskell Dole as When Thoughts Will Soar: A Romance of the Immediate Future 1914), a Near Future tale in which the solution to international conflict is the Pax Aeronautica, as espoused and ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...



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