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(1919-1994) US author and journalist who began publishing sf with "A Filbert is a Nut" for Astounding in November 1959 and established a considerable reputation in the field with a comparatively small output of about ten stories, most of them assembled in The Thirst Quenchers (coll 1965) and Code Three (fixup 1966). The first contains four good stories, the best of which is the title story about professionals in a future where Earth's water is carefully rationed, their job being its proper allocation (see also Weather Control). Code Three describes, in three long episodes, the way of life of the police who patrol the superhighways of the future in enormously complex vehicles made to cope with the huge speeds and corresponding irresponsibility on the roads (see Transportation); it is one of the first Genre SF tales to treat the burgeoning superhighway system in America as a subject worth focusing on. Raphael was at his best when describing, in positive terms, the life of those who must deal professionally with a technological world. The President Must Die (1981) is a Near Future thriller. The posthumously published The Thirst Quenchers and Three Other Science Fiction Tales (coll 2010), comprising four stories, has only its title story in common with the 1965 collection. [JC]
see also: Cordwainer Smith Rediscovery Award; Crime and Punishment.
born New York: 20 February 1919
died Golden Valley, Minnesota: 4 January 1994
collections and stories
Entry from The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2011-current) edited by John Clute and David Langford.
Accessed 16:21 pm on 4 December 2022.