(1858-1919) US author, most of whose work variously depicts life in the South, though at least three are detective novels featuring the sleuth Minard Hendricks. "In the Year Ten Thousand" (November 1892 Arena) is a Utopian sketch espousing vegetarianism. His sf novel, The Land of the Changing Sun (1894), is a Lost-World tale featuring an Underground society named Alpha, which the author seems to have conceived of as a Utopia; founded 200 years earlier under the Arctic – in caverns, however, not inside a Hollow Earth – by a group of inventive Englishmen, it is lit and heated by an artificial sun, which moves on tracks and changes colour pleasingly. A cruel Eugenic regime causes the exiling of any person deemed defective. Intruding magma threatens this world, and its inhabitants decide to evacuate Alpha in advanced submarines. The Divine Event (1920) is fantasy. [JC]
see also: History of SF.
William Nathaniel Harben
born Dalton, Georgia: 5 July 1858
died New York: 7 August 1919
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