Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford and Graham Sleight (managing). All the more than 18,700 entries are free to read online; samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To see what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming / Citation button at the top of the entry.


Edwards, Paul

Tagged: Author | House name

A Pyramid Books House Name for various instalments in the John Eagle, Expeditor sequence of rough-hewn adventure tales, usually with sf elements. Authors to use the name in this series include Paul Eiden, Robert Lory and Manning Lee Stokes. [JC]"Paul Edwards"works seriesJohn Eagle Expeditor John Eagle Expeditor #1: Needles of Death (New York: Pyramid Books, 1973) by Manning Lee Stokes writing as Paul Edwards [John Eagle Expeditor: pb/Sanford Kossin] John Eagle Expeditor #2: The Brain Scavengers (New York: Pyramid Books, 1973) by Manning Lee Stokes writing as Paul Edwards [John Eagle Expeditor: pb/] John Eagle Expeditor #3: The Laughing Death (New York: Pyramid Books, 1973) by Robert Lory...

Latin America

Tagged: International

The Latin America entry in the 1993 edition of this encyclopedia was divided into sections on individual countries – now replaced by more specific international entries for each country or region within or linked to Latin America and Iberia, as well as detailed entries for selected authors. Relevant international entries are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Catalan SF, Central America (covering Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Spain and Venezuela. Still awaited or in preparation are new entries for {PARAGUAY} and {URUGUAY}.When the second (1993) edition of this encyclop...

Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy, The

Tagged: Film | TV | Radio

1. Radio series (1978, 1980). BBC Radio 4. Written and created by Douglas Adams, produced by Simon Brett (first episode) and Geoffrey Perkins (subsequent episodes). Cast includes Peter Jones as The Book, Simon Jones as Arthur Dent, Geoffrey McGivern as Ford Prefect, Stephen Moore as Marvin the Paranoid Android, Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox and Susan Sheridan as Trillian. Six 30-minute episodes broadcast weekly from 8 March 1978 to 12 April 1978. Christmas special 24 December 1978. Second series of five 30-minute episodes broadcast daily, 21-25 January 1980.Douglas Adams's phenomenally successful Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy sequence began in March 1978 as a six-episode radio ser...


Tagged: Theme

The history of radio sf is badly under-researched, but it is clear that, in some important respects, it anticipates that of Television sf. The major televisual forms – the series, the serial and the anthology – were all originally developed for radio. Many television sf programmes, from Superman and Buck Rogers to The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy, were also directly adapted from earlier radio programmes. Radio is cheaper to produce than television, and very much cheaper than Cinema; it is also much more likely to be publicly owned and subsidized. The linked questions of ownership and subsidy seem to have a direct bearing on the kinds of drama available. As a general rule, to which there...

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