Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the more than 18,000 entries are free to read online; samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To see what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming / Citation button at the top of the entry.

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Casewit, Curtis W

Tagged: Author

(1922-2002) German-born author, in US from 1948; linguistically fluent, he did military service with the French Army in World War Two, later serving as an interpreter for the British Army. Almost all of his work was nonfiction, much of it about skiing; he began publishing work of genre interest with an sf story, "The Mask", for Weird Tales in March 1952. His sf novel, The Peacemakers (1960), depicts conflicting societies in a virtually depopulated post-World War Three America; the dictator of one claustrophobic Keep must be killed to prevent his starting a further conflict. [JC]Curtis Werner Casewitborn Mannheim, Germany: 21 March 1922died Denver, Colorado: 2 March 2002works The Peacemaker...

Fandom

Tagged: Community | Fan

The active readership of sf and fantasy, maintaining contacts through Fanzines and Conventions. Fandom originated in the late 1920s, shortly after the appearance of the first SF Magazines. Readers contacted each other, formed local groups (some of which, notably the Science Fiction League, were professionally sponsored), and soon began publication of APAS and other amateur magazines, which came to be known collectively as fanzines. The first recorded fan club meeting was that of the New York Scienceers on 11 December 1929. The first organized convention was held in Leeds, UK, on 3 January 1937 and the first World SF Convention or Worldcon in New York in 1939 (although it actually took its na...

Humour

Tagged: Theme

There is a false belief that sf and humour do not mix. Certainly sf has produced many bad jokes – Arthur C Clarke's Tales From the White Hart (coll of linked stories 1957) is entirely devoted to them – but from the beginning it has also produced many good ones. Much sf humour takes the form of social Satire, and stories of this kind are discussed mainly in that entry. While the discussion below naturally includes satires also, it focuses on sf that elicits laughter rather than a wry smile.The wittiest sf writers of the late nineteenth century were probably Mark Twain, Samuel Butler, Ambrose Bierce and H G Wells. The humour of Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889), like s...

Dragon Ball

Tagged: TV

Japanese animated tv series (1986-1989). Based on the Manga by Akira Toriyama. Toei Animation. Directed by Daisuke Nishio and Minoru Okazaki. Written by Toshiki Inoue and Takao Koyama. Voice cast includes Takeshi Aono, Shigeru Chiba, Toshio Furukawa, Shōzō Iizuka, Masako Nozawa, Osamu Saka, Mayumi Sho, Naoki Tatsuta and Hiromi Tsuru. 153 24-minute episodes. Colour.One day Old Master Gohan (Saka) finds an abandoned baby with a tail, which he has raised "and marvelled as the youngster grew and became uncommonly strong": after his death the boy, Goku (Nozawa), lives a quiet life in the wilderness. When he is twelve Bulma (Tsuru) arrives, looking for the Master's mystical dragon ball. It is one...

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