Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the more than 17,650 entries are free to read online; samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To see what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming / Citation button at the top of the entry.

Pilgrim Award

Tagged: Award

Given at its annual summer conference since 1970 by the Science Fiction Research Association to a person who has made distinguished contributions to the study of sf, the Pilgrim is awarded normally for a body of work rather than for a specific book or essay, and has gone to both scholars and critics, academic and otherwise. Judging is by a committee of the SFRA, reconstituted each year. Recipients become Honorary SFRA Members; until 1990 they received certificates, since then commemorative plaques (also given retrospectively to previous winners). The award is named for Pilgrims through Space and Time (1947) by J O Bailey, who in 1970 was the Pilgrim's first recipient. [PN/DRL]Winners 1970:...

Phillips, Tony

Tagged: Author | House name

A House Name used for the Turbo Cowboys sequence of Post-Holocaust tales for Ballantine Books. Designed for the Young Adult market, the series – which begins with Turbo Cowboys #1: Jump Start (1988) and ends with Turbo Cowboys #10: City of Glass (1990) – emphasizes the proactive friendship among the four young protagonists, who have escaped from a government relocation camp, and who must make do in the Mojave Desert, with a climactic exposure to the devastation that was once Los Angeles (see California). As a group, they also befriend and are befriended by various helpful adults. Much is made of their highly advanced motorcycles. Authors known to have used this house name are Paul Bagdon and...

Batman

Tagged: Comics | Character

This Comic-book crimefighter, the archetypal masked avenger (though influenced by earlier such figures, notably The Shadow), nicknamed "The Caped Crusader" and "The Dark Knight", has become a twentieth-century Icon. He is not a Superhero in the strictest sense, since he is represented as having no superhuman abilities; however, his near-impossible strength, stamina and athletic prowess are bolstered by a wide range of frequently science-fictional gadgets (see Inventions).Created by artist Bob {KANE} and writer Bill Finger (1914-1974), although Kane received the lion's share of the credit, Batman is the bizarre alter ego of millionaire socialite Bruce Wayne. His adventures take place in Gotha...

Seed, David

Tagged: Author | Editor | Critic

(1946-    ) UK academic and critic who has concentrated on the teaching of sf for many years (see SF in the Classroom); his books divide more or less equally between individual studies and strongly edited anthologies. His first work of genre interest is The Fictional Labyrinths of Thomas Pynchon (1988), a general study issued before Thomas Pynchon began to publish much more frequently after 1990. A continued interest in the response of American sf writers to the Cold War-apocalypse meta-narrative (see Genre SF) shapes his most sustained books of analysis, American Science Fiction and the Cold War: Literature and Film (1999), which astutely anatomizes various 1950s and 1960s texts, including...

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