Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the 17,000+ entries are free online. A few samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To find what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming/Citation button.

Elton, James

Tagged: Author | House name

A House Name of the John Spencer and Co imprint Badger Books. The only sf title to appear under this byline was The Quest of the Seeker (1958) by W H Fear. [DRL/SH] "James Elton" works The Quest of the Seeker (London: John Spencer and Co/Badger Books, 1958) by W H Fear [Badger SF 10: pb/S Nicholson?] links Internet Speculative Fiction Database...

Bengal

Tagged: International

Describing sf in Bangla (or the Bengali language) is a topic fraught with difficulties. Any understanding of sf in this linguistic region must begin with an analysis of kalpabigyan, the term generally used as a very rough analogue to sf in Bangla at present. First of all, there are problems of definition, as kalpabigyan, which is a recent formulation (see below), has a wider range of meanings and applications than those usually associated with sf, because at least in part it does not refer to fiction, commonly understood. This definitional problem originates in the origins of the genre in colonial Bengal where three different kinds of stories with their basis in the new sciences can be seen...

Superman [character]

Tagged: Film | TV | Comics | Character | Radio

1. US Comic strip created by writer Jerry Siegel (1914-1996) and artist Joe Shuster (1914-1992), loosely inspired by Philip Wylie's Gladiator (1930), which Siegel had reviewed in his fanzine, Science-Fiction, in 1932. He was an sf fan, creator of several early Fanzines, including Science Fiction (5 issues from October 1932), in which illustrations by his friend Shuster had appeared. Their Superman idea was originally – over a period of years – rejected by almost every comics publisher in the USA before he was finally allowed to make his debut in Action Comics, June 1938, published by National Allied Publications, later known as DC Comics; he got his own comic book with Superman Comics in 193...

Frankenstein Monster

Tagged: Theme

The term is in general use, not only in sf Terminology but in common parlance, to mean a Monster that ultimately turns and rends its irresponsible creator. Readers of sf are aware that in Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley original novel, Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus (1811; rev 1831), Frankenstein was the name of the creator and not of the monster; in popular usage and pop-culture iconography, however, it is all too often assumed that the unnamed monster itself is Frankenstein. It should also be remembered that the novel's monster, though ghastly in appearance, begins life as a gentle soul who is gradually made monstrous by his creator's and humanity's horrified rejection. In critical tal...

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