Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All 16,700+ entries are free online. A few sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for advice to students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To identify contributors, whose initials appear at the end of each entry, click the Incoming button.

Brown, Reynold

Tagged: Art

(1917-1991) US commercial artist who worked as a cartoonist early in his career, and also illustrated magazines in the post-World War Two years. He began creating film poster art around 1950 and was quite prolific in this area, producing dozens of posters for Cinema on into the 1960s. Many of the films concerned were sf or horror, including The Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), This Island Earth (1955), I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957), The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957), Attack of the 50 Foot Woman (1958) (see Attack of the 50 Ft. Woman) and The Time Machine (1960). His work often featured a strong element of the erotic. Brown suffered a stroke in 1976 which left him partially paralyse...

Interactive Narrative

Tagged: Game | Theme

The outcome of any given game is inherently uncertain, since it must be possible to win or lose (or, in the case of Toy Games, to play at will). Yet stories, as normally understood, should have a beginning, a middle and an end, and only one of each. Games which include stories – referred to in this encyclopedia as Interactive Narratives – have thus proved difficult to design. There has also been considerable debate as to whether it is desirable, or even possible, that games have stories. This question was a frequent subject for dispute between Wargame players and Role Playing Game enthusiasts in the 1970s, for example, with the former group emphasizing the importance of simulational accuracy...

All-Story, The

Tagged: Publication

US Pulp magazine published by the Frank A Munsey Corporation; edited by Robert Hobart Davis. It was a companion to The Argosy. The All-Story appeared monthly January 1905-March 1914, weekly from 7 March 1914 (as All-Story Weekly), incorporated Cavalier Weekly (see The Cavalier) to form All-Story Cavalier Weekly from 16 May 1914, and reverted to All-Story Weekly from 15 May 1915 to 17 July 1920, when it merged with Argosy Weekly to form Argosy All-Story Weekly. The All-Story was the most prolific publisher of sf among the pre-1926 pulp magazines; it became important through its editor's discovery of several major authors. The best known and most influential of these was Edgar Rice Burroughs...


Tagged: Film | TV | Theme

Lemuel Gulliver is the narrator of Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and Then a Captain of Several Ships (1726; rev 1735) by Jonathan Swift, better known as Gulliver's Travels, the short-form title by which it immediately became known by its commentators and critics. It is one of the most widely recognized literary texts of the eighteenth century and has been a considerable influence upon fiction as a whole and in the development and treatment of certain aspects of science fiction. The very use of the name Gulliver will instantly suggest a particular form of satirical fiction involving a Fantastic Voyage and a grotesque soci...

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