Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls (emeritus) and Graham Sleight (managing). All the more than 17,600 entries are free to read online; a few samples appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To see what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming/Citation button at the top of the entry.

Superman [character]

Tagged: Film | TV | Comics | Character | Radio

1. US Comic strip created by writer Jerry Siegel (1914-1996) and artist Joe Shuster (1914-1992), loosely inspired by Philip Wylie's Gladiator (1930), which Siegel had reviewed in his fanzine, Science-Fiction, in 1932. He was an sf fan, creator of several early Fanzines, including Science Fiction (5 issues from October 1932), in which illustrations by his friend Shuster had appeared. Their Superman idea was originally – over a period of years – rejected by almost every comics publisher in the USA before he was finally allowed to make his debut in Action Comics, June 1938, published by National Allied Publications, later known as DC Comics; he got his own comic book with Superman Comics in 193...

House, Brant

Tagged: Author | House name

House Name associated with the magazine Secret Agent "X" (which see for fuller details). The Secret Agent "X" character was created by Paul Chadwick (1902-1972), who wrote many of the long lead stories by whose titles the issues are traditionally distinguished; another prolific contributor, also as House, was G T Fleming-Roberts (1910-1968). Seven of these title stories, mostly by Chadwick, were reissued as novels by Corinth Books in 1966 [see Checklist below]; but this attempted revival was short-lived. [DRL/RR]"Brant House"works seriesSecret Agent "X" Secret Agent "X" – The Torture Trust (San Diego, California: Corinth Books, 1966) by Paul Chadwick [first appeared in Secret Agent "X" #1,...

Sneyd, Steve

Tagged: Author | Editor | Fan | Critic

(1941-2018) UK poet, Poetry critic, bibliographer, publisher and editor who (having an American mother) gained a transatlantic perspective from growing up in both the UK and US. He published several short sf stories, mostly in Amateur Magazines, beginning with "The Duke of Oldfranc" in SFinx #9 for March 1974. His many collections include several volumes of sf poetry, beginning with Bad News from the Stars (coll 1989 chap) [see Checklist for further titles]. Through his Small Press, Hilltop Press, he published books of verse by more than twenty other sf poets, notably Lilith Lorraine with Ape into Pleiades (coll 1988 chap) and Time Grows Thin (coll 2009). His idiosyncratic handwritten Fanzin...

Sweden

Tagged: International

Modernity, and with it science fiction, came very late to Sweden. The country consists of two thirds of a large isthmus at the northwest edge of Europe, in the north reaching well into the Polar circle. The Swedish population in 1500 is estimated at around 700,000; the capital, Stockholm, boasted some 6000 inhabitants. In 1700, the population had reached 1.5 million; in 1900 slightly over 5.1 million. Until the early twentieth century, Sweden was fundamentally an agrarian society. From 1611 until 1721, it was also continuously involved in wars on the northern European mainland and managed for a short period to incorporate huge lands around the Baltic, but due to its huge costs in both money...

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