Welcome to the Third Edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute, David Langford and Graham Sleight (managing). All the more than 18,500 entries are free to read online; samples should appear below. Click here for the Introduction and more on the text; here for Frequently Asked Questions; here for Advice to Students on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more on searching here) or browse the menu categories to the right of the SFE logo. To see what links to the current entry and to identify contributors' initials, click the Incoming / Citation button at the top of the entry.

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Fu Manchu

Tagged: Film | Community | Character

Sax Rohmer's Asian supervillain Doctor Fu Manchu (also rendered as Fu-Manchu) is a Mad Scientist, initially based in the slums of Limehouse, London, who is armed with advanced scientific Weapons and bent on world domination. In addition to his impressive scientific acumen and boundless determination, Fu Manchu is given to occasional flashes of quixotic generosity, at times making him seem more an Antihero than a Villain. Yet his characteristic deviousness and cruelty have established him as one of the most enduring, and embarrassing, fictional incarnations of Paranoia associated with the Yellow Peril. Rohmer himself uses this very term early in the debut volume The Mystery of Dr Fu-Manchu (s...

Draper, Allyn

Tagged: Author | House name

A House Name used in such journals as The Boys of New York (see Boys' Papers) and Young Men of America by various authors including Francis W Doughty, Thomas H Hanshew, Dennis O'Sullivan, Harvey K Shackleford, Cornelius Shea, William Howard Van Orden (see Howard de Vere) and others not identified. [JC/SH]"Allyn Draper"works Across the Continent in the Air (New York: Pluck and Luck, 1899) [first appeared in 1881 in The Boys of New York as by Harry Kennedy: pb/] The Rocket; Or, Adventures in the Air (New York: Pluck and Luck, 1899) [first appeared in 1882 in Young Men of America as by John Sherman: pb/] The Cavern of Fire; Or, the Thrilling Adventures of Professor Hardcastle & Jack Merton...

New Zealand

Tagged: International

One of the last lands discovered by Europeans, New Zealand was a convenient setting for moral and Utopian tales. The anonymous Travels of Hildebrand Bowman ... by Himself (1778), apparently by John Elliott, anticipates Samuel Butler's satirical Erewhon (1872) and Erewhon Revisited (1901). Utopian fiction by New Zealanders includes Anno Domini 2000, or Woman's Destiny (1889) by the New Zealand Premier Sir Julius Vogel, a dreary novel of a UK/US empire formed through dynastic marriage, and Godfrey Sweven's difficult novel sequence Riallaro: The Archipelago of Exiles (1901) and Limanora: The Island of Progress (1903), the latter described by E F Bleiler as "probably the greatest of all early ut...

Geis, Richard E

Tagged: Author | Editor | Fan

(1927-2013) US author, editor and sf fan, best known since 1953 for producing and contributing significantly to a fanzine, Psychotic, and later a Semiprozine, The Alien Critic, both of which were, confusingly, at different times known as Science Fiction Review. He has published other Fanzines. His vigorously anti-highbrow judgements were for a long time influential in the sf field; between 1969 and 1983 he six times won a Hugo for Best Fanzine and a further seven times for Best Fan Writer, the 1977 award in the latter category being a tie with Susan Wood. He also won the short-lived Locus Award for Best Critic twice, in 1974 and 1976. Geis was a columnist for Galaxy with "The Alien Viewpoint...

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