Entry updated 13 August 2021. Tagged: Author.
(?1693-1756) UK actress from 1715, publisher, critic, and most prolific female author of her time, publishing over fifty plays and fictions of various sorts (including several novels) between 1719 and her death. Much of her work of Proto SF interest was aggressively "scandalous", containing thinly veiled characterizations of notable contemporaries, and includes Memoirs of a Certain Island, Adjacent to the Kingdom of Utopia (1725-1726 2vols), anonymous, a Satire on the corrupt politics of the time, specifically the South Sea Bubble scandal, couched as an allegorical Utopia; The Secret History of the Present Intrigues of the Court of Caramania (1727); and most famously The Adventures of Eovaai, Princess of Ijaveo: A Pre-Adamitical History [for full subtitle see Checklist] (1736; vt The Unfortunate Princess; Or, the Ambitious Statesman [for full subtitle see Checklist] 1741 with her authorship acknowledged), anonymous, is an allegorical political Satire mainly directed at the current British political scene, but set before the destruction of Earth's second Moon and featuring, among many accounts of sorcery, the visitation by mechanical means of an extraterrestrial – this was several years before the appearance of Voltaire's Micromegas (in Le Micromégas de Mr. de Voltaire ..., coll 1752; trans anon 1753). Her last novel, The Invisible Spy (1755 4vols) as by "Exploralibus", features an Invisibility belt which is used to eavesdrop on society gossip. Haywood has attracted considerable attention in recent decades as an important early novelist, and as a precursor Feminist. Note that this pseudonym appears in error in some posthumous editions as "Explorabilis".
The anonymous satirical Lost-World novel Memoirs of the Court of Lilliput [for subtitle see Checklist] (1727) (see Jonathan Swift) was (perhaps wrongly) attributed to Haywood by Alexander Pope in 1729; what is not uncertain is that Haywood (like others) used Swift's work to model her assaults on Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745). [JE/JC]
Eliza Fowler Haywood
born probably at Harnage Grange, Shropshire: probably 1693
died London: 25 February 1756
- Memoirs of a Certain Island, Adjacent to the Kingdom of Utopia (London: Printed and Sold by the Booksellers of London and Westminster, 1725 and 1726), anonymous, [published in two volumes, one volume per year: binding unknown/]
- The Secret History of the Present Intrigues of the Court of Caramania (London: Printed and Sold by the Booksellers of London and Westminster, 1727), anonymous [binding unknown/]
- Memoirs of the Court of Lilliput; Written by Captain Gulliver. Containing an Account of the Intrigues, and some other Particular Transactions of that Nation, Omitted in the Two Volumes of his Travels (London: Printed for J Roberts, 1727) [attributed to Haywood: attribution not established: Jonathan Swift: binding unknown/]
- The Fruitless Enquiry. Being a Collection of Several Entertaining Histories and Occurrences, Which Fell under the Observation of a Lady in her Search after Happiness (London: Printed for J Stephens, 1727) [coll: binding unknown/]
- The Adventures of Eovaai, Princess of Ijaveo: A Pre-Adamitical History. Interspersed with a Great Number of Remarkable Occurrences, which Happened, and may again Happen, to several Empires, Kingdoms, Republicks, and particular Great Men. With some Account of the Religion, Laws, Customs, and Policies of those Times. Written Originally in the Language of Nature, (of later Years but little Understood.) First Translated into Chinese, at the Command of the Emperor, by a Cabal of Seventy Philosophers; and now Retranslated into English, by the son of a Mandarin, Residing in London (London: Printed for S Baker, 1736), anonymous [binding unknown/]
- The Unfortunate Princess; Or, the Ambitious Statesman. Containing the Life and Surprizing Adventures of the Princess of Ijaveo. Interspers'd with Several Curious and Entertaining Novels (London: Printed for T Wright, 1741) [vt of the above: acknowledged as by Eliza Haywood: binding unknown/]
- The Adventures of Eovaai Princess of Ijaveo: A Pre-Adamitical History (Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Literary Texts, 1999) [rev containing additional material: vt (lacks subtitle): pb/from Baron Reteniz von Stillfried]
- The Invisible Spy (London: Printed for T Gardner, 1755) as by "Exploralibus" [published in four volumes: binding unknown/]
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