Search SFE    Search EoF

  Omit cross-reference entries  

Lovelock, James

Entry updated 12 September 2022. Tagged: Author.

(1919-2022) UK environmentalist, biologist and author whose proposal of the Gaia (which see) hypothesis in Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth (1979; rev 2000) has had considerable influence on sf and the old concept of Living Worlds. He credited William Golding for suggesting in the late 1960s that his then evolving hypothesis be named after the Greek earth-goddess Gaia. His early guarded optimism about Gaia's capacity to self-regulate against the effects of Climate Change is very much darkened in The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning (2009), where he predicts the imminent overwhelming of the current Gaian balance due to greenhouse gases, resulting in a sudden climactic jump to a new equilibrium with a consequent increase in global surface temperature of approximately 9 degrees Celsius. Greater optimism may be found in his late work Novacene: The Coming Age of Hyperintelligence (2019) with Bryan Appleyard, which celebrated the huge expansion of human knowledge during his own lifetime and expressed hopes that a Cyborg-like fusion of human and Computer Intelligence might address the problems of keeping Earth habitable.

With Michael Allaby Lovelock wrote one sf novel, The Greening of Mars (1984), a fictionalized Utopian discussion of how Mars might be Terraformed and settled (see Colonization of Other Worlds). [DRL/JC]

see also: Biology; Ecology.

James Ephraim Lovelock

born Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire: 26 July 1919

died Abbotsbury, Dorset: 26 July 2022


nonfiction (selected)


previous versions of this entry

This website uses cookies.  More information here. Accept Cookies